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The Animated Man - A Life of Walt Disney

The Animated Man - A Life of Walt Disney

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Published by Milva Rausseo
Biografia de Walt Disney
Biografia de Walt Disney

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Published by: Milva Rausseo on May 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/11/2014

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The Animated Man A LIFE OF WALT DISNEY michael barrier© 2007 by Michael BarrierLibrary of CongressCataloging-in-Publication Data Barrier, J. Michael.The animated man: a life of Walt Disney / Michael Barrier.To my parents
 
 Introduction: Its All Me 11 The Pet in the Family On the Farm and in the City, 19011923 92 A Cute Idea The Self-Taught Filmmaker, 19231928 393 Youve Got to Really Be Minnie Building a Better Mouse, 19281933 684 This Character Was a Live Person The Leap to Feature Films, 19341938 1005 A Drawing Factory Ambitions Price, 19381941 1346 A Queer, Quick, Delightful Gink On a Treadmill, 19411947 1687 Caprices and Spurts of Childishness Escaping from Animation, 19471953 2008 He Was Interested in Something Else Escaping from Film, 19531959 2359 Where I Am Happy Restless in the Magic Kingdom, 19591965 27010 He Drove Himself Right Up to the End Dreaming of a Nightmare City, 19651966 301Afterword: Lets Never Not Be a Silly Company 319PrefaceAnyone who writes a biography of Walt Disney is obliged to explain what he is up to, given that a dozenor more biographies of Disney have already been published. It is not enough to say that most of thosebooks are not very good. The question is whether a new biography can avoid the pitfalls that havedoomed the earlier ones.Most Disney biographies have portrayed either a man who fell short of perfection only in a few venialways (he smoked way too much and used a great deal of profanity), or one who was personally odious(anti-Semitism being the sin of choice) and the products of whose labors are a stain on Americanculture.I have found few signs of either Disney in my own research into his life, which began in 1969 with myfirst trip to California and interviews with Ward Kimball, one of his best animators, and Carl Stalling, thefirst composer for his sound cartoons. Disney was, in my reckoning, a stunted but fascinating artist, anda generally admirable but less interesting entrepreneur. The trick, I think, is to wind those strands of hislife together, along with a few strands from his private life, in a way that yields something close to thewhole man; and that is what I have tried to do in this book.I have concentrated my attention on his work, his animated films in particular, because that is where Ihave found his life story most compelling. He was, from all I can tell, a good husband and a devoted
 
father, but he was indistinguishable in those and other respects from a great many men of hisgeneration.The Disneyland park was, and remains, an entrepreneurial marvel, but it was much more a product of itstimes than Disneys films, and its impact on American culture, for good or ill, has been exaggerated.Thomas Edison and Henry Ford may have transformed their country, but Walt Disney only helped toshape economic and demographic changes that would have occurred without him. It is his animatedfilms of the 1930s and early 1940s that make him uniquely interesting.My great advantage in writing this book is that I have already written a history of Hollywood animation(Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age) that includes a history of Walt Disneysstudio in those years. In writing this book, I have been particularly fortunate in being able to draw on theinterviews that Milton Gray and I recorded as part of my research for Hollywood Cartoons.Most of thepeople we interviewed who knew Walt Disneysome of them as long ago as the early 1920swererarely if ever interviewed otherwise, and almost all of them have since died. No one undertaking aDisney biography now can draw on a richer store of memories of Disney and his studio than theinterviews for Hollywood Cartoons. Not all those memories are of equal value, of course, but Disney wasa volatile and demanding boss, and his employees had every incentive to observe him closely andremember what they saw and heard.For this book, I have interviewed a few more people who knew Walt Disney, mostly in connection withhis live-action films. Regrettably, most of the people who worked alongside Disney on Disneyland aregone now. Milt Gray and I interviewed some of the parks most important ride designerspeople likeMarc Davis, Ken Anderson, Claude Coats, and Herb Rymanbut they worked first on cartoons, and ourinterviews for Hollywood Cartoons dealt almost entirely with their work in animation. Fortunately,however, there is no shortage of documentation in this area. Disneyland and related subjects, like WaltDisneys passion for railroads, have been the subjects of several wellresearched books, notably WaltDisneys Railroad Story, by Michael Broggie, and an occasional memoir. The E Ticket (P. O. Box 8597,Mission Hills CA 91346-8597; www.the-e-ticket.com), a magazine devoted to Disneylands historyfounded by Jack E. Janzen and his late brother, Leon J. Janzen, has included a valuable and often uniqueinterview with a Disneyland veteran in almost every issue.Walt Disney never wrote an autobiography, but he came reasonably close in 1956 when he sat for aseries of interviews with Pete Martin, who interviewed celebrities for the Saturday Evening Post and hadalready ghostwritten books with Arthur Godfrey and Bing Crosby. As Disneys daughter Diane Millerexplained in 2001, the original idea was that Disneys ghostwritten autobiography would be serialized inthe Post, but he was not interested. Disney suggested instead that they change their concept and havehis story told by me, his eldest daughter. My sister and I would be paid for it and, although it would beabout half of what theyd offered him, it was still a lot of money.That was Disneys way of helping his daughter and son-in-law and their two children get a financialfoothold. As Diane Miller wrote, I was always uncomfortable with assuming credit for authorship of theensuing book [The Story ofWalt Disney by Diane Disney Miller as told to Pete Martin (New York, 1957)],

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