Champions of the EarthProposalArkira, Fern, Pobai, Guilhe 11BDear the UN’s Champions of the Earth organization,We are writing to you as a proposal for the monetary award of $40,000 tosupport a conservation project which will take place in the upstream of theMississippi River.Ever since the Asian carp (a type of fish), was introduced to the United States inthe 1970s, it has progressed into the dominant species of the main rivers andstreams. The aim of the project is to reduce and prevent close by areas frombeing overpopulated by the Asian carp. Originally from Asia, the species wasexpected to serve as a solution towards removing algae from ponds. As a resultof the Great Flood in 1993, ponds had overflowed displacing the fish species inthe area. Since then, Asian carp has been found to be a great threat to thenative species, having no natural predators therefore crowding out the fish withthe same diet. A solution for the issue could be the introduction of non-physicalbehavioural separation barriers. The BAFF barrier would be a useful and effective solution as installation wouldhelp maintain a balanced ecosystem within the area. The existence of carpspecies has affected the biodiversity of native species such as the two types of fishes Bighead Buffalo and Gizzard Shad. For example, in years 2000 thepercentage of the occurrence of the silver carp was at 7%, however in years2009, its percentage increased becoming a 31%. This means that there hadbeen an increase in the occurrence of the species by 24% throughout the 9 yeargap. It is observable that this occurrence has an impact on the native species.For example, the percentage of occurrence of the Bighead Buffalo decreased by5% through the years 2000-2009. We can conclude from data obtained thatthere is a need for the solution to be installed in order to prevent the nativespecies’ numbers from dropping even further.Since Asian Carp have been located along the La Grange Pool, Illinois River,which connects major water bodies Mississippi River to Lake Michigan, the BAFFBarrier will be installed along the perimeters of the La Grange Pool, a region inthe Illinois River to prevent carps from overpopulating upstream to LakeMichigan and the Mississippi River. Doing so will prevent the carps fromestablishing a self sustaining population in further areas in Lake Michigan andthe Mississippi River. The proposed solution is the non-physical behavioural separation barriers or theAcoustic/Bubble (BAFF) Barrier Acoustic Fish Fence which is equipped with acombination of bubbles, sounds, and high intensity lights which are repellent tocarps with narrow-beam lights fitted at the base. Therefore, water appears to bemore transparent in the bubble sheet, allowing light to reach surface even inturbid water (which covers some parts of the river). The lighting forms acontinuous line along the barrier, preventing carps from crossing the designatedbarrier and overpopulating.