Agricultural Economics Research Review
Vol. 20 (Conference Issue) 2007 pp 503-520
Commercial Goat Farming in India: AnEmerging Agri-Business Opportunity
The status, economics and prospects of commercialization of goat production in the country have been analyzed using primary data from 18commercial goat farms in different states. It has been revealed that severallarge and progressive farmers, businessman and industrialists haveadopted commercial goat farming. The entry of large farmers, who have better access to technical knowledge, resources and market, into thisactivity would help in realizing the potential of goat enterprise. A majorityof commercial goat farms have been found operating with positive netreturns. Goat rearing has been found equally rewarding under bothintensive and semi-intensive systems of management. Intensification andcommercialisation of goat enterprise has been recorded important becauseof shrinking of resources for extensive grazing. Commercialisation wouldhelp in increasing the goat productivity and bridging the demand-supplygap. However, use of improved technologies, particularly prophylaxis,superior germ plasm, low cost feeds and fodders, and innovative marketingof the produce would be the pre-conditions for successful commercialgoat production.
Goats are among the main meat-producing animals in India, whose meat(chevon) is one of the choicest meats and has huge domestic demand.Besides meat, goats provide other products like milk, skin, fibre and manure.Goats are important part of rural economy, particularly in the arid, semi-aridand mountainous regions of the country. With more than 124 million population,
Senior Scientist (Agricultural Economics), Central Institute for Research on Goats,Makhdoom, Mathura.The author is grateful to the referee for his useful comments and suggestions onthe earlier draft of the paper.The financial assistance from ICAR for its Ad-hoc research scheme ‘Commercializa-tion of goat farming and marketing of goats in India ’ on which the paper is based,is gratefully acknowledged.