LIFE PROCESSES SA:-I
Energy is needed to maintain a state of order in the body. The source of energyis the food.
How do living things get their food?
Autotrophic organisms such as green plants, blue green algae prepare theirfood on their own by the help of the CO
O in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll (present in chloroplast)(b)
The prepared food is carbohydrates which provide energy to plants.
Carbohydrates are stored in the form of starch.
In our body energy is stored in the form of glycogen,6Co
Events in photosynthesis
Absorption of light energy by chlorophyll.b.
Conversion of light energy to chemical energy.c.
Splitting of H
O into H
Reduction of CO
In desert plants CO
is taken up at night and acted upon by the energy absorbed bythe chlorophyll during the day.
Uptake of CO
in plants takes place by stomata present in leaves, stems.
They are tiny pores for gaseous exchange
Guard cells of stomata swell up when water flows in them and pores are open. Poresare closed if guard cells shrink.
Water is taken up from soil by roots.
, Mg, P, Fe are taken up from soil.
Nitrogen is required for synthesis of proteins.
taken up in the form of nitrates nitrites.
Nitrogen fixing bacteria convert atmospheric N
to organic compounds available toplants.