Historical Comment from a Brochure (copied by Derrill Smith Bills:When the Saints were driven from their homes in Nauvoo, Illinois in February of 1846, they were forced toestablish temporary camps in southwestern Iowa and eastern Nebraska. The highest concentration of homeless Saints settled on both sides of the Missouri River near the future site of Council Bluffs, Iowa.The headquarters settlement on the western side of the river in Nebraska was called Winter Quarters. Hereabout 5,000 members of the church lived from September 1845 to June 1848. This community served as adeparture point for companies making the trek westward to the Great Salt Lake Valley.Through cooperative action, they plowed fields and planted crops and built over 1,000 dwellings–either cabins of hewn logs or dugouts hollowed out of the hillsides. In the winter of 1846-47, Brigham Youngwrote the following description of the settlement:“Our great city sprang up in a night, as it were, like Jonah’s gourd. It is divided into 22 wards over which22 bishops and their counselors preside. No one suffers from want of food or raiment, unless it is throughhis own fault, that is, in not asking for it or being too lazy to work. But the fact of so many houses being built in so short a time is proof of the general industry of the people which will bear comparison with thehistory of all nations of the earth and in all the periods of time.”Some historians have estimated that as many as 600 of the Saints died as a result of hardship or diseasewhile at Winter Quarters. Many of the dead, most of whom were either infants or the elderly, were buriedin the Winter Quarters cemetery, now located in Omaha as a point of historical interest. Located on the siteis a beautiful statue and an impressive monument bearing the names of those known to have died and been buried in the area.
a tailor, he made the clothes for Joseph and Hyrum, and cut out and supervised themaking of the uniforms for the first company of the Nauvoo Legion.In the spring of 1846, father with most of the Saints moved west to Winter Quarters, andstayed there until he raised a crop in 1847. He then gathered up an outfit and in theSpring of 1848 we moved west to the Salt Lake Valley, Utah and lived in the fort built bythe pioneers the year previous. In the spring 1849, we moved out and settled in LittleCottonwood, a half mile below where Union Ward meetinghouse now is in Salt LakeCounty (700 East 7200 South). We raised a crop and after father made his family ascomfortable as possible, he started on November 9, 1849 on a business trip to Lord,California. Before he reached his journey’s end, he was taken sick and grew worse untilwe reached San Jouqin Valley, at the Pechecho Pass, where he died and was buriedFebruary 19, 1850. Father took me with him and after his death I worked and earned alittle money. In the fore part of August I started home taking the north route, travelingwith Apostle Amasa Lyman. I arrived at our little home in cottonwood, Salt LakeCounty, Utah, the latter part of September 1850.The following year my mother remarried again (1851) to a man by the name of Lazenby,and in 1854 they moved to Lore, California, taking my four younger brothers with them;namely, Robert, Charles, Franklin, and Samuel.Also my mother had one son by Lazenby by the name of Joseph. Their aim was to jointhe Mormon settlement at San Bernardino, Lore, California. But on the way, mother metwith an accident, by a gun shot wound, which caused her arm to be taken off, from whichshe never recovered. She grew worse until she died at what is called the Mountain