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Anatomy LL Mcq

Anatomy LL Mcq

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Published by: Kalaivathanan Yogeswaran on May 14, 2011
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05/23/2014

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ANATOMY - LOWER LIMBANATOMY - LOWER LIMB
1.Blood supply of leg
a.
Main supply of lower leg is from profunda femoris
 b.
Branches of internal iliac artery anastomose with profunda artery
c.
Main blood supply to the hip joint is from obturator artery
d.
Peroneal artery may replace anterior tibial artery
e.
Dorsalis pedis artery may be felt in the 1
st
metatarsal space2.Regarding the capsule of the knee joint
a.
Fibular collateral ligament is cord like
 b.
Lateral patellar retinacula are strengthened by iliotibial tract
c.
Oblique popliteal ligament is an expansion of the popliteal fascia
d.
Arcuate popliteal ligament arches over the popliteus
e.
Coronary ligament is attached to the periphery of the meniscial cartilage3.Regarding greater sciatic foramen
a.
Bounded posteriorly by sacrotuberous ligament
 b.
Obturator internus tendon passes through it
c.
Pudendal canal starts at its inferior border 
d.
Covered by gluteus minimus
e.
Sciatic nerve is in contact with lower margin of greater sciatic notch4.Venous drainage of the lower limb
a.
More number of communicating veins are present below knee than above knee
 b.
Skin of the scrotum drains to the great saphenous vein
c.
There is a valve in the saphenous vein just before opening into the femoral vein
d.
Post operative thrombosis occurs in great saphenous vein
e.
Surgical exposure of the great saphenous vein at the ankle may damage tibial nerve5.Sciatic nerve
a.
Emerges through the lesser sciatic foramen
 b.
Gives branches to short head of biceps femoris
c.
Arises from 4
th
and 5
th
lumbar segments and 1
st
, 2
nd
, 3
rd
and 4
th
sacral segments
d.
Can be damaged in injections in upper, outer quadrant of the gluteal region
e.
Quadratus femoris is an anterior relation6.Femoral canal
a.
Medial boundary is formed by the pectineal ligament
 b.
Lymph node in the canal drains the clitoris in the female
c.
Femoral artery forms the immediate lateral boundary
d.
Femoral sheath forms the anterior, medial and posterior boundaries
e.
Lacunar ligament is found in the anterior border 7.Profunda femoris artery
a.
Passes deep to both femoral artery and vein
 b.
Has a transverse medial branch
c.
It is the main blood supply to the posterior compartment of the thigh
d.
It lies between the adductor brevis and adductor magnus
e.
Ends as the descending genicular artery after piercing the adductor magnus8.Regarding the knee joint
 
a.
Fibular collateral ligament is attached to the lateral meniscus
 b.
Damage to medial meniscus causes no disability
c.
Removal of medial meniscus does not impair medial rotation of thigh
d.
Cruciate ligaments are attached to each other at the point of their crossing
e.
Infrapatellar synovial membrane has a fat pad9.Common peroneal nerve
a.
Originates at the level of the knee joint
 b.
Terminates in the tibialis anterior 
c.
Supplies the medial side of the foot
d.
Supplies the muscles of the dorsum of the foot
e.
Winds around the neck of the fibula10.Lateral circumflex artery
a.
Its ascending branch supplies the head of the femur 
 b.
Posterior to the profunda femoris vein
c.
Transverse branch is associated with cruciate anastomosis
d.
Descending branch anastomoses with the lateral superior genicular branch
e.
Its branches are involved in making an anastomosis with internal and external iliac systems11.Ankle joint
a.
Capsule is attached to the dorsal part of the neck of the talus
 b.
Stability is maximum in plantar flexion
c.
Articular surface of talus is broader posteriorly than anteriorly
d.
Posterior ligament extends from lateral malleolar fossa to medial malleolus
e.
Calcaneofibular ligament extends downwards and backwards12.Following structures go through the lesser sciatic foramen
a.
Obturator internus tendon
 b.
Inferior gluteal nerve
c.
Pudendal nerve
d.
Posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh
e.
Internal pudendal artery13.Lateral circumflex artery
a.
Its branches supply the head of the femur 
 b.
It gives a transverse branch to form the cruciate anastomosis
c.
Lies deep to the profunda femoris vein
d.
Connects internal and external iliac arteries
e.
Has a descending branch which anastomose with the superior lateral genicular artery14.Ankle joint
a.
Posterior articular surface of the talus is wider than in front
 b.
Capsule is attached to the dorsum of the neck of the talus
c.
Calcaneofibular ligament is directed backwards and downwards
d.
Posterior ligament extends from malleolar fossa of the fibula to the medial malleolus
e.
Most stable in the plantar flexion15.When the femoral artery is ligated just above the origin of profunda femoris, blood flows through
a.
Lateral circumflex femoral and deep circumflex iliac artery
 b.
Inferior gluteal artery and 1
st
perforator 
c.
Obturator artery and 1
st
perforator 
d.
External pudendal and internal pudendal arteries
e.
Deep and superficial external pudendal arteries16.Popliteus
a.
Originates from the intracapsular tendon
 
 b.
Is attached to tibia below the soleal line
c.
Is supplied by the common peroneal nerve
d.
Is covered by an extension of the fascia of the semimembranosus
e.
Medially rotates the tibia on femur 17.Peroneus longus
a.
Arises from the extensor surface of upper ⅔ of the fibula
 b.
 Not directly related to calcaneus
c.
Posterior to peroneus brevis at the lateral malleolus
d.
Passes obliquely in the sole of the foot
e.
Helps to walk on uneven surfaces18.Three months after sciatic nerve cut,
a.
Shows fibrillations in the 1
st
dorsal interosseous
 b.
Loss of position sense of the big toe
c.
Wasting of tibialis anterior 
d.
Babinski sign is positive
e.
Quadriceps tone is reduced19.Quadriceps femoris muscle
a.
Its four components arise from femur 
 b.
When it contracts, it tends to displace the patella laterally
c.
Its tendon lies anterior to the suprapatellar bursa
d.
Medial patellar retinacula are formed by the expansion of the tendon
e.
Lowermost fibres of vastus medialis are horizontal20.Regarding the veins of the lower limb
a.
Thrombosis is common in the veins of the anterior compartment of the leg
 b.
Deep veins have no valves
c.
Veins draining soleus muscle has no valves
d.
Medial ankle perforators join posterior tibial vein to the posterior arch vein
e.
Small saphenous vein is accompanied by the sural nerve throughout its course21.Popliteal fossa
a.
Tibial nerve crosses from lateral to medial side of the popliteal artery
 b.
Oblique popliteal ligament forms the floor of the popliteal fossa
c.
Has no lymph nodes
d.
Popliteal artery, at its point of entry, lies in between adductor magnus and semimembranosus
e.
Genicular branch of the obturator nerve lies on the popliteal artery22.In the foot
a.
Peroneus longus passes through a groove on the plantar surface of cuboid
 b.
Tibialis posterior is attached to 2
nd
, 3
rd
and 4
th
metatarsal bases
c.
Plantar calcaneo-navicular articulates with he head of talus
d.
Deltoid ligament is attached to plantar calcaneo-navicular ligament
e.
Flexor hallucis brevis has sesamoid bone23.Sciatic nerve
a.
Passes beneath the midpoint between greater trochanter and ischial tuberosity
 b.
Separated from hip joint by quadratus femoris
c.
When cut, knee jerk is absent

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