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Genetic Variability and Correlation Studies in Okra [Abelmuschus Esculentus (L) Moench]

Genetic Variability and Correlation Studies in Okra [Abelmuschus Esculentus (L) Moench]

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Published by: rajsign5 on May 14, 2011
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Vegetables occupy an important place in crop diversificationand play a key role in food nutrition and economic security of our country. India ranks second in the vegetable production. In Indiavegetables are grown largely on commercial scale in an area of 7.2Mha with production of 113.5Mt.Okra [
 Abelmoschus esculentus
(L.) Monech] commonly knownas Bhindi is one of the most important vegetable crop grown for itstender and delicious green fruits during both summer and rainyseason. Okra is said to be native of tropical Africa (Joshi
et al.
1974).Okra belongs to the family Malvaceae. The genus Abelmoschuscomprises nine species.It is a hardy crop. It can be grown with considerable success ona wide range of soil under variable environmental conditions. It hashigh nutritive value and good export potential. Apart from its use asvegetable it also has medicinal properties. Leaves are used for preparing a medicament to reduce inflammation. It is an excellentsource of iodine for control of goiter. It is good for people who aresuffering from weakness of heart. The stem and roots of okra are usedfor clearing the cane juice in Gur preparation.Okra cultivars are erect annuals becoming woody at maturity.The plant often reaches 60 to 180 cm in height. The flower openshortly after sunrise and remain open until about noon. Petals wilt inthe afternoon and usually fall the following day.Okra is predominantly a self pollinated crop but natural outcrossing to the extent of 8.75% has been reported by Purewal andRandhawa 1947. It is an interesting crop to the breeder and genetictistfor its monadelphous conditions. Okra being an often cross pollinatedcrop posses greater variability. Crop improvement depends upon themagnitude of genetic variability existing in the population and the
extent to which the desired characters are heritable. Presence of genetic variability in a population is of primary importance for anysuccessful breeding programme.Heritability is a suitable measure for assessing the magnitude of genetic portion of total variability and aid to make improvement in cropby selection for various characters. Heritability is an index otransmissibility of a character from parents to their off springs. Butheritability alone does not give true picture of genetic improvementthrough selection, therefore, study of Genetic advance coupled withheritability are more useful in predicting the resultant effect of selection. Genetic advance gives an idea about additive nature of gene action.The most important among attributes of a plant is its yieldingability, for rational approach to the improvement of yield it is essentialto have detail information on the association among different yieldcomponent. Correlation arises due to linkage, plietropism anddevelopmental genetic interaction. Correlation of quantitativeattributes would help in choosing component characters that arepositively correlated.In view of the above facts, the present studies entitled “Geneticvariability and Correlation studies in Okra (
 Abelmoschus esculentus
(L.) Moench”) has been carried out with following objectives.1.To estimate various parameters of genetic variability.2.To find out interrelationship in yield and its component atphenotypic and genotypic level.
To estimate heritable effects for different quantitative traits.4.To identify most suitable and performing genotypes in Jabalpur conditions.
An attempt has been made to study the “Geneticvariability and correlation study in okra [
 Abelmoschus esculentus
(L.)Moench]”.The relevant and available literature on different aspectsstudied during the course of this investigation are reviewed herebriefly as :-
Genotypic coefficient of variation (G.C.V.) and Phenotypiccoefficient of variation (P.C.V.)2.2Heritability and Genetic advance2.3Correlation studies
2.1 Genotypic coefficient of variation (G.C.V.) and Phenotypiccoefficient of variation (P.C.V.)
Genotypic coefficient of variation gives information on the extentof genetic variability present for a particular character. Fisher (1918)proposed the idea of partitioning of genetic variance.Singh
et al.
(1974) observed high genotypic coefficient of variation for plant height, number of effective nodes, number of branches per plant, fruit yield per plant in okra. High phenotypiccoefficient of variation observed for girth of fruit, number of effectivenodes and low phenotypic coefficient of variation observed for days to50% flowering and first fruiting in okra.Thaker 
et al.
(1981) reported high Genotypic coefficient of variation for plant height, days to 50% flowering, fruit length, fruitweight, number of effective nodes and fruit yield per plant in okra.Vijay and Manohar (1990) estimated high Genotypic coefficientof variation for days to 50% flowering, number of effective nodes,number of branches per plant, fruit yield per plant and low Genotypiccoefficient of variation observed for first fruiting nodes in okra. Highphenotypic coefficient of variation was observed for internodal length.

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