(c. 429 -347 BCE)& "truth" in
(pref to"rhetoric" as taught by the Sophists)method: dialogue.represents give-and-takeof convo btwn 2 charactersconvo offers multiple viewpoints w/outprivileging any one, authorial perspectivethis interplay creates a productive kind of ambiguity (like good literature)the convo is referred to as "dialectic," "amethod of inquiry" guided by ?'s andanswers, definitions and distinctions that ="philosophical truth"supposedly, (ideally)participants in dialecticdo not begin w/predetermined positions, butin
, Socrates has a perspective inmind, and he leads Phaedrus to it.Socrates' moves to persuade Phaedrus aresimilar to the distasteful moves made byrhetors Socrates does not admire(ornamental,flowery ... mere flattery)alternatively,the Socratic method --revealsby doing, via inquiry-driven dialectic
P was a "follower" or student of Socrates (469-399 BCE).P saw Socratic
as morevaluable than the "mere cookery"or the "false art" of rhetoric thatwas being taught --it offers a"pleasant taste rather than goodhealth" and in this way "offers acrowd what they enjoy hearingrather than what is good for them."P saw this taught rhetoric as a"knack" rather than a talent
(Covino& Jolliffe 74).
The Sophists were