Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Vedanta

Vedanta

Ratings: (0)|Views: 40|Likes:
Published by gphd
Karma, yoga, and reincarnation are terms borrowed from the East by the Western, where they are used in the simplest fashion. In actuality, the Vedantic and Dharmic traditions teach the particulars of these concepts that describe the connections between one life and another and prescribe how best to progress from one life to the next.
Karma, yoga, and reincarnation are terms borrowed from the East by the Western, where they are used in the simplest fashion. In actuality, the Vedantic and Dharmic traditions teach the particulars of these concepts that describe the connections between one life and another and prescribe how best to progress from one life to the next.

More info:

Published by: gphd on May 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/01/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Vedanta
 
The Mysteries of Karma
 A person consists of desires and as his or her desire so is his or her will,
 
 And as his or her will, so his or her deed.
 
What deed he or she does so he or she shall reap.
 
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad IV4.5
 Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity,
 
 and sow wickedness, reap the same.
 
Job 4:8
The merciful man does himself good,
 
 But the cruel man does himself harm.
 
The wicked earns deceptive wages,
 
 But he who sows righteousness gets a true reward.
 
 He who is steadfast in righteousness will attain to life,
 
 And he who pursues evil will bring about his own death.
 
Proverbs 11:17-19
 Do not judge, and you will not be judged;
 
 and do not condemn, and you will not be condemned;
 
 pardon, and you will be pardoned.
 
Give, and it will be given to you.
 
They will pour into your lap a good measure
 — 
 pressed down, shaken together,
 
 and running over.
 
 For by your standard of measure it will be measured to you in return.
 
Luke 6:37-38
Whatsoever a man sows, that shall he also reap.
 
Galatians 6:7
 He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly;
 
 and he which sows bountifully shall reap also bountifully.
 
2 Corinthians 9:6
To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction:
 
 or, the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal,
 
 and directed to contrary parts.
 
Sir Isaac Newton
 And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.
 
 And his disciples asked him, saying, “Master, who did sin, this man, or his
 
 parents, that he was born blind?” 
 
 Jesus answered, “Neither hath this
 man sinned, nor his parents:
 
 
2
 
but the works of God should be made manifest in him.” 
 
John (9:1-3)
Contrary to popular misconception,
 
 karma has nothing to do with punishment and reward.
 
 It exists as part of our holographic universe’s binary
 
 or dualistic operating system only to teach us responsibility
 
 for our creations
 — 
 and all things we experience are our creations.
 
Sol Luckman
 Karma is a funny thing.
My Name Is Earl
 
Most people have some familiarity with the Vedic concept of 
 karma
. Many such exoticconcepts entered the consciousness of Westerners during the Romantic period of the
1800’s. The countercultural revolution of the
 
1960’s reintroduced
the use of these spiritualand philosophical terms, and the New Age Movement has continued the legacy. Morerecently, the award-winning television series
 My Name Is Earl 
has contributed to making
 karma
a household word. (However, most people use the word
 karma
[English
 — 
action]when they are actually talking about
 karmaphala
 — 
the
results of one’s
actions.)Fewer people are familiar with the concept of 
 dharma
. There was the television series
 Dharma and Greg
that ran from 1997 to 2002. More recently, there was the
DHARHAInitiative,
 
a secret project on ABC’s
 
 Lost
. But dharma just hasn’t been as catc
hy askarma. The Indian concept
 dharma
is a fundamental principle found in the same centralAsian philosophies that brought us
 karma
. In fact, the notion of dharma may be even morefundamental than that of karma. In comparative religion, the religions that originated onthe Indian subcontinent are referred to as the dharmic religions.Karma and dharma are terms used by adherents of religions originating on the Indiansubcontinent, but similar beliefs can be found in almost all religions. Karma is the principlethat one will experience the consequences
for one’s behavior, and dharma is the principle
that one has certain duties to perform or roles to fulfill in life. At a deeper level, dharmarefers to the essential truth of a being as well as the essential truth of all being. In short,dharma is RESPONSIBILITY and karma is ACCOUNTABILITY.
 
The Vedas, Vedanta, and the Upanishads
Karma, dharma, and the other topics discussed here are found in
Vedic
philosophy or
Vedanta
. Vedanta is a philosophical system that concerns itself with such topics as thenature of reality, the meaning of life, states of consciousness, and life after death. Thisphilosophy is derived from the ancient scriptures called the
Vedas
. The Vedas are the oldestof the Hindu scriptures. The four Vedas (
 Rig-Veda
,
Sama-Veda
,
Yajur-Veda
, and
 Atharva-Veda
) appear to have been written by 500 BC.
Vedanta
refers to any of the philosophies
 
3
 
based on the four Vedas.
Vedic
refers to anything based on the Vedas such as Vedicastrology or Vedic medicine.
Vedanta
comes from a combination of Sanskrit words
veda
and
 anta
.
Veda
means
 knowledge
, and
 anta
means
end 
,
 conclusion
,
essence
, or
 core
.
Vedantic
is also used to refer to the spiritual traditions and the schools of philosophy basedon certain parts of the Vedas called the
Upanishads
. The term
upanishad 
is a Sanskrit wordmeaning
 to sit near
,
 beneath
, or
 below
.
Upanishad 
suggests
 sitting at the foot of someonelistening his words or stories
.There are a total of 108 Upanishads, but only eleven are accepted as divine by all Hindugroups. They are:
 Aitareya
,
 Brhadaranyaka
,
 Isa
,
Taitteriya
,
 Katha
,
Chandogya
,
 Kena
,
 Mundaka
,
 Manduaka
,
 Prasna
,
Svetasvatara
. The
 Kausitaki
and the
 Maitrayani
are twoadditional Upanishads that are quite popular.Vedantic philosophy emphasizes
Self-realization
, that is, union with Brahman, or ultimatereality, by transcending the limits imposed by self-identity. The meaning and nature of thesacred syllable
 aum
are said to be explained in the Upanishads.
Tat Tvam Asi
, meaning
That thou art
, is said to be the essence of the Upanishads.Other central Asian traditions including Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism share much withVedantic philosophy, but they do not consider the Upanishads and the Vedas as sacredtexts. That is, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism are not Vedic religions. However, they allstress the importance of dharma and karma. Together with Hinduism and Brahmanism,they are referred to as Dharmic religions as opposed to the Abrahamic religions (Judaism,Christianity, Islam, and
Baha’i
), the Taoist religions (Taoism, Confucianism, andShintoism), and the aboriginal religions of the native Americans, Africans, Australasians,and Pacificans.
 
 Dharma
The Sanskrit word
 dharma
(
 dhamma
in Pali) is derived from the Indo-European root
 dhri
or
 dher
, meaning
 that which holds
. Dharma is that which holds together both this worldand the people of this world. Dharma also means to
uphold 
,
 maintain
,
 support
,
 nourish
,
 sustain
. The Atharva Veda states that
This world is upheld by dharma
(Prithivim dharmanadhritam). Dharma is that which nourishes and sustains the universe.The word
 dharma
was first written in the oldest Sanskrit text the Rig Veda, where it refersto the laws that underlie the universe, matter, life, mind, and consciousness. According tothe Rig Veda and other early Vedas, dharma could only be experienced by sages. Thesesages were expected to pass down their understanding of dharma to laymen throughmantras and other religious acts.In the Bhagavad-Gita (3102 BC), Krishna described dharma as the righteousness thatsustains the world order. Krishna also explained that dharma implies that everyone has aunique path to follow in order to uphold righteousness and find personal salvation.

Activity (3)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
gphd liked this
gphd liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->