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fm radio handbook in <pdf>

fm radio handbook in <pdf>

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Published by shortcutsofcochin
fm radio handbook in
fm radio handbook in

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Published by: shortcutsofcochin on May 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/04/2014

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FM Radio Dxing
Nandakumar
Hobby home publications, Cochin - 22Phone : 9349287808Price Rs: 100
4
IzmUv B‚n\
Hcp Sn.hn. B‚n\sb°pdn®v ]dbptºmƒ \ΩpsSa\nseØp∂Xv bmKn B‚n\bpsS Nn{XamWv. ssUt]mfwdn^vfIvSdpw UbdIvtSgvkpsa√map≈ bmKn B‚n\bn¬ \n∂pwhyXykvXamb Hcp B‚n\bmWvIzmUvB‚n\. bmKn B‚n\sb At]£n®v sNehv Ipdhpw IqSpX¬ ^ehp
(better result)
ap≈XmWnXv. IzmUv B≥cn\m \n¿ΩmWw hnhcn°p∂Xn\pap≥]mbn bmKn B‚n\sb°pdn®v kw£n]vXambn hnhcn°mw.
bmKn B‚n\
P∏m≥Imc\mbncp∂ bmKn F∂ F©n\ob¿ cq]I¬∏\sNbvX B‚n\bmWv bmKn B‚n\ Hcp dns^vfIvS¿ Hcpt^mƒUUv ssUt]mƒ, Ht∂m AXne[nItam UbdIvSdpIƒF∂nh tN¿∂XmWv Hcp bmKn B‚n\. ChbpsSHmtcm∂ns‚bpw \ofhpw Ch XΩnep≈ AIehpw Hmtcm Sn.hn.kwt{]jW {^oIz≥kn°\pkcn®mWv Xocpam\n°s∏Sp∂Xv.AXmXp ÿesØ Sn.hn. kwt{]jW {]oIz≥kn°\pkcn®vbmKn B‚n\bmbncnI°pw B ÿesØ ISIfn¬ \n∂pwhmßphm≥ In´p∂Xv.
dn^vsfIvS¿
(Reflector)
bmKn B‚n\bpsS dn^vsfIvSdn\mbncn°pw G‰hpw \ofwIqSpX¬. CXv Aeqan\nbw IpgepIƒ sImt≠m sNºpIpgepIƒ sImt≠m \n¿Ωn°p∂p. Sn.hn. {]kcWnsbe£yam°n h®ncn°p∂ bmKn B‚n\bn¬ G‰hpw AIeØn¬Ccn°p∂Xv dn^vsfIvSdmbncn°pw.
 
23
apJ-hpc
inesbt∏mepw Aenbn°m≥ Ignhp≈ kwKoXsØCjvSan√mØXv inemlrZb≥am¿ am{Xambncn°pat√m !tdUntbmbpsS Imew Ign™p F∂ [mcWbn¬ tdUntbmX´n≥]pdØv Dt]£n®hcpw, B{InISbn¬ hn‰hcpw Ct∏mƒF^v.Fw. tdUntbm At\zjn®vXpSßnbncn°pIbmWv. kzImcy taJebn¬ ]pXnb ]pXnb F^v.Fw. tdUntbm tÃj\pIƒtIcfØn¬ Bcw`n®v XpSßnbtXmsS hn‰gnbp∂ samss_¬t^mWpIfn¬ 60 iXam\Ønepw F^v.Fw. tdUntbmD≈hbmsW∂v I®hS°m¿ km£ys∏SpØp∂p.F∂m¬ tIcfØns‚ `q{]IrXnbpsS {]tXyIXaqehpw,F^v.Fw. tdUntbm XcwKßfpsS t\¿tcJm k©mcKXnaqehpw, \ΩpsS \m´nse P\kmam\yØn\v Cu ]pXnbtdUntbm tÃj\pIfn¬ \n∂p≈ ]cn]mSnIƒBkzZn°m\mImsX h∂ncn°pIbmWv. CXns\mcp]cnlmcsa∂ \nebn¬ F^v.Fw. kwKoX t{]anIfpw, hnZqcF^v.Fw. tÃj\pIƒ {ihn°pI F∂XvPohnXhrXw t]mep≈tlm_nbmbn sIm≠p\S°p∂ \nch[n sSIv\ojy≥amcpsSklmbtØmsS Xømdm°nbncn°p∂ Cu ]pkvXIw, kwKoXt{]anIfmb F^v.Fw. t{imXm°ƒ°v XßepsS t^hdn‰vtÃj\pIƒ hy‡ambn e`n°m≥ Bhiyamb kmt¶XnI⁄m\w e`yam°pw.
 
5
UbdIvSdpIƒ
(Directors)
Hcp bmKn B‚n\bn¬ Ht∂m AXne[nItamUbdIvSdpIƒ D≠mImw. dn^vfIvSdnt\bpw ssUt]mfnt\bpwImƒ \ofw Ipd™ UbdIvSdpIfpsS ÿm\w Ch c≠pwIgn™mWv. UbdIvSdpIfpw Aeqan\nbw As√¶n¬sNºpIpgepIƒ sIm≠mWv \n¿Ωn°s∏Sp∂Xv.UbdIvSdpIfpsS FÆw IqSp∂Xn\\pkcn®vB‚n\m sKbn\pwIqSpsas∂mcp [mcWbp≠v. IqSpX¬ UbdIvSdpIfp≈ \ofwIqSnb B‚n\ Hcp A¥mbn Nnesc¶nepw IcpXp∂p≠v.
t^mƒUvUv ssUt]mƒ
(Folded Dipole)
dn^vfIvSdn\pw UbdIvSdn\pw CS°p hcp∂ Fensa‚mWv t^mƒUUv ssUt]mƒ. CXpw Aeqan\nbw As√¶n¬ sNºpIpg¬ sIm≠mWv \n¿Ωn®ncn°p∂Xv. t^mƒUUvssUt]mfns\°pdn®v A¬∏w IqSn a\nem°p∂Xv\∂mbncn°pw. lm^v thhv sUt]mfn
(Half Wave Dipole)
¬\n∂pamWv t^mƒUUv ssUt]mƒ D≠mbXv.kwt{]jWw sNøs∏Sp∂ CeIvt{Sm ams·‰nIvF\¿PnbpsS XcwKcq]w Nn{Xw 4˛¬ sImSpØncn°p∂p. CuXcwKØns‚ F\¿Pn Fanj≥ XeØn\v ssd‰v BwKnfmbnÿm]n®ncn°p∂ Hcp B‚n\bmWv CXv kzoIcn°phm≥G‰hpw A\ptbmPyw. Cu XcwKØns‚ {IÃv As√¶n¬ {S^v(t]mkn‰ohv As√¶n¬ s\K‰ohv) `mKw kzoIcn°p∂Xn\mbnBsI thhv sewKvXv F∂ {Ko°v A£cw sIm≠vkqNn∏n°ptºmƒ B‚n\bpsS \ofw 1/2 s‚ ]IpXn \ofap≈B‚n\ D]tbmKn®m¬ AXv\√ Hcp Syq¨Uvk¿Iyq´mbncn°pw.lm^v ssUt]mƒ B‚n\bn¬ AXns\ Xpey\ofap≈c≠p IjWßfmbn apdn®v Hcp C≥kpte‰n¬, t\cnb
8
ASpØXmbn Aepan\nbw Ipg¬ aS°phm≥ XpSßmw.BZyw ASbmfs∏SpØnbXv (35 sk.ao.) aS°msX AXn\SpØ70 sk.ao. ASbmfØn¬ BZyw aS°pI. XpS¿∂v ASpØ 70sk.ao. ASbmfØnepw aS°pI. At∏mƒ CXvc≠p ImepIƒ°v\ofw IqSnb (Nn{Xw 6) BIrXnbnembncn°pw. XpS¿∂v BZywASbmfs∏SpØnb (16.75) `mKØpw \memasØ ASbmfØn\pw(16.75) aS°pI. Ct∏mƒ B‚n\ kaNXpcmIrXnbn¬Bbncn°pw. HcphiØv \Sp`mKØmbn Ipgens‚ A{K߃XΩn¬ t\cnb AIeØn¬ Ccn°p∂XpImWmw. CXp ]ckv]cwkv]¿in®n´ps≠lvIn¬ Aƒ∏w ]pdtIm´v hf®v AIØWw.Cu `mKamWv ^oUv t]mbn‚v. ChnsS\n∂pw thWw ^oU¿hb¿ AYhm tI_nƒ IWIvSv sNøm≥.Aeqan\nbw Ipg¬ hfbv°ptºmƒ A¬∏w {i≤n°Ww.tai∏pdtØm, HcpXSn°´bntem h®v AXns‚ AcnIn¬ASbmfs∏SpØnb`mKw tN¿Øv h®v kmh[m\w hf®m¬Aeqan\nbw Ipg¬ s]m´nt∏mImsX \∂mbn hfbpw. hf™`mKw ]c∂ncn°psa∂p am{Xw. hfbv°phm≥ {]bmkamsW¶n¬Ipgen\p≈n¬ aW¬ \nd®n´p hf®m¬ H´pw Xs∂s]m´mXncn°pIbpw sNøpw.B‚n\bpsS ^oUv t]mbn‚n¬, ASpØncn°p∂A{K߃ c≠pw Np‰nIbp]tbmKn®v ASnØp ]cØpI. ChXΩn¬ t\cnb AIew (Hcp 3
mm
) D≠mbncp∂m¬ aXn. ]cØnb`mKØv {Un¬ D]tbmKn®v sNdnb Zzmc߃ CSpI.Cu Zzmcßfn¬ ]n®f
(Brass)
\´pw t_mƒ´pap]tbmKn®vHmtcm SmKpIƒ Dd∏n°Ww. (SmKv As√¶n¬ seKvsNºpsIm≠p≠m°nbn´p≈Xpw hen∏w IqSnb A{Kw\´pwt_mƒ´pw D]tbmKn®v Dd∏n°p∂Xn\pw hen∏w Ipd™

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