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Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

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Published by Sohaib Ahmed
CRO or cathode ray oscillosocpe is an electronic device use to see or measure the electronic signals send by aby device usually a signal generator
CRO or cathode ray oscillosocpe is an electronic device use to see or measure the electronic signals send by aby device usually a signal generator

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sohaib Ahmed on May 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/08/2014

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CATHODE RAY OSCILLOSCOPE (CRO)
INTRODUCTION
:
A cathode ray oscilloscope, CRO or scope, is a versatileelectronic instrument used in many fields of basic and appliedresearch to measure time-dependent voltage signals. A CROconsists of a cathode ray tube, CRT (similar to a television picturetube), and associated circuits. Because an oscilloscope has very highresistance inputs (like a voltmeter), it draws very little current andthus usually does not disturb the circuit being studied. Theoscilloscope is an essential part of several experiments in our introductory physics courses. Our scopes are not simplified for teaching but are versatile models suitable for use in research physics,engineering and medical laboratories.
WORKING
 
:
 
The cathode ray oscilloscope here contains three different parts.They are,
 
1.Electron gun2.Fluorescent screen3.Deflecting systemHere let us see the animation of the cathode ray oscilloscopewhich is used in the laboratory
, 
Electron Gun:
It is the one of the main parts in the animation of the cathoderay oscilloscope.
This consists oh header H, a cathode C, another electrodecalled G and tow or three anodes A.
G is an negative voltage with respect to C and controls thenumber of electrons passing through its central hole from C toA is used to control the brightness.
The anode are at high positive voltage relative to C theyaccelerate the electrons along the highly evacuated tube andalso focus into a narrow beam
.
Fluorescent screen:
A bright spot of the light
 
is produced on the screen where thebeam hits it.
Deflecting system:
Among the two pairs of defecting plates to which the potentialdifferences can be applied.
 
The y-plates are horizontal but create a vertical electric field whichdeflects the beam vertically.The x-plates are presented in vertical direction and deflect the beamhorizontally in horizontal direction.The p.d to create the electric field between the y-plates is applied tothe y-input terminals in front of the CRO.The input is usually amplified by an amount that depends on thesetting of the y-amp gain control before it is applied to the y-plates.The animation of the p.d applied to the y-plates with zero as theanimation is given here
,
 
CRO CONTROL BUTTONS:
The controls available on most oscilloscopes provide a wide range of operating conditions and thus make the instrument especiallyversatile. Since many of these controls are common to mostoscilloscopes a brief description of them follows.
Power and Scale Illumination
:
Turns instrument on andcontrols illumination of the graticule
.
Focus
:
Focus the spot or trace on the screen.

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