Quantum Physics andthe Quantum Principles
What is the vehicle the acvist rides? It beerbe quantum physics that equips the acvistwith causal power—downward causaon. InNewtonian physics, objects are determined thingsmade of maer; their movements are determinedby material interacons among the base levelobjects called elementary parcles, which makethe world boom up—upward causaon. Butin quantum physics, objects are not determinedthings—they are quantum possibilies forconsciousness to choose from. This consciouschoice is downward causaon.Okay, these are important sound bites; thereis much to explore in the quest for understanding.So our rst workbook quesons are:
What is a quantum?
A quantum is adiscreet quanty rstused by the physicist
to denote the ideathat energy exchangebetween bodies can takeplace only in terms of discrete quanta—onequantum, two quanta etc.,but never half a quantum.A photon is a quantum of light. You can think of anelementary parcle as a quantum of maer.In our everyday usage, money is quanzed.We cannot exchange money in a lesserdenominaon than a cent in this country. But dorealize that this quanzaon of money is arbitrary;it is not a physical law. Banks do exchange moneyin denominaons of fracons of a cent!The word quantum packs much morepower since it began to be used to denote adisconnuous movement. The physicist NielsBohr theorized that when an electron jumpsfrom one atomic orbit to another, it does not gothrough the intervening space. The electron’smovement is disconnuous; Bohr called it aquantum leap.
What is a quantum possibility?
A quantum possibility is shorthand for aquantum wave of possibility. To understand theidea, consider how an electron behaves whenreleased in the middle of a room.When you throw a pebble in a pool of water,water waves spread out from where the pebblelands, right? The electron spreads out in asimilar fashion but three dimensionally; this iswhat quantum mathemacs says. However,suppose we put a three dimensional grid of Geigercounters (you have seen them; they go ck-ck-ck when electrons fall on them) in the room.Will all the Geiger counters go cking? No. In agiven experiment only one of the Geiger counterswill ck. In another idencal experiment, anotherGeiger counter may ck, and so forth. So is theelectron smeared all over the room? Yes, as themathemacs say, but to make sense of it we mustagree that the electron is in many places at thesame me only in possibility. Hence the namepossibility wave.
What is a quantum? What is a quantum possibility? What is consciousness?