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Proposed K-12 Basic Education System in The Philippines

Proposed K-12 Basic Education System in The Philippines

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Published by BlogWatch.ph
The program is proposed to start in school year 2012-2013 for Grade 1 and first year high school students with the target of full implementation by SY 2018-2019.

K-12 has been met with criticism from youth and student groups, teachers, parents and the academic community. The DepEd, for its part, appears determined to enact the program with its proposed budget catering mostly to preparing the grounds for its eventual implementation.
The program is proposed to start in school year 2012-2013 for Grade 1 and first year high school students with the target of full implementation by SY 2018-2019.

K-12 has been met with criticism from youth and student groups, teachers, parents and the academic community. The DepEd, for its part, appears determined to enact the program with its proposed budget catering mostly to preparing the grounds for its eventual implementation.

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Published by: BlogWatch.ph on May 16, 2011
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04/23/2014

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Discussion Paper  As of 05 October 2010 
1
 
DISCUSSION PAPER ONTHE ENHANCED K+12BASIC EDUCATIONPROGRAM 
DepEd discussion paper 
05 October 2010 
 
Discussion Paper  As of 05 October 2010 
2
 
DISCUSSION PAPER ONTHE ENHANCED K+12 BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM
Table of ContentsRATIONALE...............................................................................................................3
 
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND..................................................................................5
 
EDUCATION VISION.................................................................................................6
 
GOALS.......................................................................................................................7
 
BENEFITS OF ENHANCED BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM................................7
 
ENHANCED K+12 BASIC EDUCATION MODEL.....................................................8
 
GUIDING PRINCIPLES............................................................................................10
 
ACTION STEPS.......................................................................................................11
 
List of Figures and Tables
Table 1 Philippine Average TIMSS Scores
........................................................................................3
Table 2 Unemployment Statistics in the Philippines, 2010
........................................................4
Table 3 Comparative Data on the Pre-University Education in Asia
....................................4
Figure 1 K-6-4-2 Model...............................................................................................9 Figure 2 Schematic Presentation of the K-6-4-2 Model Implementation....................9
List of Annexes
Annex A Budget Forecast for K-6-4-2 Model............................................................12Annex B High School to HEI School Mapping..........................................................13Annex C High and HEI School Capacities................................................................14Annex D Number of HEIs by Type............................................................................15
 
Discussion Paper  As of 05 October 2010 
3
 
THE ENHANCED K+12 BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM
RATIONALE
1
Enhancing the quality of basic education in the Philippines is urgent andcritical.
Thus, we have to come up with a proposal to enhance our basiceducation program in a manner that is least disruptive to the current curriculum,most affordable to government and families, and aligned with internationalpractice.
 
2
The poor quality of basic education is reflected in the low achievementscores of Filipino students.
Many students who finish basic education do notpossess sufficient mastery of basic competencies. One reason is that students donot get adequate instructional time or time on task. The National AchievementTest (NAT) for grade 6 in SY 2009-2010 passing rate is only 69.21%. Althoughthis is already a 24% improvement over the SY 2005-2006 passing rate, further reforms are needed to achieve substantial improvement. The NAT for high schoolis 46.38% in SY 2009-2010, a slight decrease from 47.40% in SY 2008-2009.3 International tests results like 2003 TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematicsand Science Study) rank the Philippines 34
th
out of 38 countries in HS II Mathand 43
rd
out of 46 countries in HS II Science; for grade 4, the Philippines ranked23
rd
out of 25 participating countries in both Math and Science.
i
In 2008, evenwith only the science high schools participating in the Advanced Mathematicscategory, the Philippines was ranked lowest
(Table 1)
.
ii
 4
The congested curriculumpartly explains the presentstate of education
.
iii
Thecurrent basic education isdesigned to teach a 12-year curriculum, yet it is deliveredin just 10 years.5
This quality of education isreflected in the inadequatepreparation of high schoolgraduates for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education.
High school graduates also do not possess the basiccompetencies or emotional maturity essential for the world of work. About 70.9%of the unemployed are at least high school graduates and 80% of theunemployed are 15-34 years old (
Table 2
). While the availability of economicopportunities contributes to this, it also illustrates the mismatch in the labor andeducation markets. The World Bank Philippines Skills Report in 2009 reveals,
We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up tofourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting intothe best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” 
 – President Benigno S. Aquino III 
Table 1 Philippine Average TIMSS Scores
Scores InternationalAverageRank ParticipatingCountries
2003 ResultsGrade IV
Science
332 489 23 25
Mathematics
358 495 23 25
HS II
Science
377 473 43 46
Mathematics
378 466 34 38
2008 Results
 Advanced Mathematics
355 500 10 10
Source: TIMMS, 2003 and 2008 
 

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