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ORGANISATION OF THE BODY

ORGANISATION OF THE BODY

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Published by Muhammad Na'im

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Published by: Muhammad Na'im on Sep 06, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/13/2013

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INTRODUCTION
The early students of anatomy and physiology were most likelyconcerned with treating illnesses and injuries. Early healersrelied on superstitions and magic. Later, herbs were used totreat certain ailments. Eventually, after much controversy thestudy of medicine with standardized terms in Greek and Latinbegan.
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Anatomy deals with the structure (morphology) of the bodyand its parts, in other words, what are things called?Physiology studies the functions of these parts or asks thequestion, “How do they work?The two disciplines are closely interrelated because thefunctional role of a part depends on how it is constructed.Anatomists rely on observation and dissection, whilephysiologists employ experimentation.It is more common to discover new information aboutphysiology but anatomical discoveries are being made as well.
CHARACTERISTICS OF LIFE
Fundamental characteristics of life are traits shared by allorganisms. Characteristics of life include:1.Movement (internal or gross)2.Responsiveness (reaction to internal or externalchange)3.Growth (increase in size without change in shape)4.Reproduction (new organisms or new cells)5.Respiration (use of oxygen; removal of CO2)6.Digestion (breakdown of food into simpler forms)7.Absorption (movement of substances throughmembranes and into fluids)8.Circulation (movement within body fluids)9.Assimilation (changing nutrients into chemicallydifferent forms)10.Excretion (removal of metabolic wastes)Taken together, these 10 characteristics constitute metabolism.
 
REQUIREMENTS OF ORGANISMS
Life depends on the availability of the following:a.Water (required for metabolic reactions, for transportof substances, for temperature regulation)b.Food (nutrients needed to supply energy and rawmaterials for building new living matter)c.Oxygen (used in releasing energy from nutrients)d.Heat (a byproduct of metabolism; its presencegoverns the rate at which reactions occur)e.Pressure (force required to facilitate movement of aior fluids)Both the quality and quantity of these factors areimportant.
 
ORGANISATION OF THE BODY
OBJECTIVES
After studying this paperwork you should be able to:1)define common anatomical terms2)use the terms that describe relative positions, body sections,and body regions3)identify the principal bones of the axial skeleton and theappendicular skeleton4)state the boundaries of the four body cavities5)list the contents of the body cavities6)state the organs located in each of the body cavities

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