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1.2 Finite Precision
1.3. SYMBOLIC MANIPULATION 11
1.3 Symbolic Manipulation
Brief Review of Electromagnetics
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Coulomb’s Law and Electric Field
2.3. ELECTRIC FLUX DENSITY 15
2.3 Electric Flux Density
2.4 Static Electric Fields
2.5 Gradient, Divergence, and Curl
2.6 Laplacian
2.7 Gauss’s and Stokes’ Theorems
2.8. ELECTRIC FIELD BOUNDARY CONDITIONS 25
2.8 Electric Field Boundary Conditions
2.9 Conductivity and Perfect Electric Conductors
2.10 Magnetic Fields
2.11. MAGNETIC FIELD BOUNDARY CONDITIONS 27
2.11 Magnetic Field Boundary Conditions
2.12 Summary of Static Fields
2.13 Time Varying Fields
2.14. SUMMARY OF TIME-VARYING FIELDS 29
2.14 Summary of Time-Varying Fields
2.15 Wave Equation in a Source-Free Region
2.16 One-Dimensional Solutions to the Wave Equation
3.1 Introduction
3.2 The Yee Algorithm
3.3. UPDATE EQUATIONS IN 1D 35
3.3 Update Equations in 1D
3.5. BARE-BONES SIMULATION 41
3.5 Bare-Bones Simulation
3.6 PMC Boundary in One Dimension
3.7. SNAPSHOTS OF THE FIELD 45
3.7 Snapshots of the Field
3.9 Terminating the Grid
3.10 Total-Field/Scattered-Field Boundary
3.11 Inhomogeneities
3.12 Lossy Material
Improving the FDTD Code
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Arrays and Dynamic Memory Allocation
4.3 Macros
4.4 Structures
4.5 Improvement Number One
4.6 Modular Design and Initialization Functions
4.7 Improvement Number Two
4.8 Compiling Modular Code
4.9. IMPROVEMENT NUMBER THREE 101
4.9 Improvement Number Three
Scaling FDTD Simulations to Any Frequency
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Sources
5.2.1 Gaussian Pulse
5.2.2 Harmonic Sources
5.2.3 The Ricker Wavelet
5.3 Mapping Frequencies to Discrete Fourier Transforms
5.4. RUNNING DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM (DFT) 119
5.4 Running Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT)
5.5. REAL SIGNALS AND DFT’S 121
5.5 Real Signals and DFT’s
5.6 Amplitude and Phase from Two Time-Domain Samples
5.7 Conductivity
5.8.2 Measuring the Transmission Coefﬁcient Using FDTD
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The Advection Equation
6.3 Terminating the Grid
6.4 Implementation of a First-Order ABC
6.5. ABC EXPRESSED USING OPERATOR NOTATION 151
6.5 ABC Expressed Using Operator Notation
6.6 Second-Order ABC
6.7 Implementation of a Second-Order ABC
Dispersion, Impedance, Reﬂection, and Transmission
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Dispersion in the Continuous World
7.3 Harmonic Representation of the FDTD Method
7.4. DISPERSION IN THE FDTD GRID 163
7.4 Dispersion in the FDTD Grid
7.5 Numeric Impedance
7.6 Analytic FDTD Reﬂection and Transmission Coefﬁcients
7.7 Reﬂection from a PEC
7.8. INTERFACE ALIGNED WITH AN ELECTRIC-FIELD NODE 173
7.8 Interface Aligned with an Electric-Field Node
Two-Dimensional FDTD Simulations
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Multidimensional Arrays
Three-Dimensional FDTD
9.1 Introduction
9.2 3D Arrays in C
9.3 Governing Equations and the 3D Grid
9.4 3D Example
9.5 TFSF Boundary
9.6 TFSF Demonstration
9.7 Unequal Spatial Steps
Dispersive Material
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Constitutive Relations and Dispersive Media
10.2.1 Drude Materials
10.2.2 Lorentz Material
10.2.3 Debye Material
10.3 Debye Materials Using the ADE Method
10.4 Drude Materials Using the ADE Method
10.5 Magnetically Dispersive Material
10.6. PIECEWISE LINEAR RECURSIVE CONVOLUTION 299
10.6 Piecewise Linear Recursive Convolution
10.7. PLRC FOR DEBYE MATERIAL 303
10.7 PLRC for Debye Material
Perfectly Matched Layer
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Lossy Layer, 1D
11.3 Lossy Layer, 2D
11.4 Split-Field Perfectly Matched Layer
11.5 Un-Split PML
11.6 FDTD Implementation of Un-Split PML
Acoustic FDTD Simulations
12.1 Introduction
12.2. GOVERNING FDTD EQUATIONS 323
12.2 Governing FDTD Equations
12.3 Two-Dimensional Implementation
Parallel Processing
13.3 Message Passing Interface
13.4 Open MPI Basics
13.5 Rank and Size
13.6 Communicating Between Processes
14.3 Vector Potentials
14.4 Electric Field in the Far-Field
14.5 Simpson’s Composite Integration
14.6 Collocating the Electric and Magnetic Fields: The Geo- metric Mean
14.7 NTFF Transformations Using the Gemoetric Mean
14.7.2 Scattering from a Circular Cylinder
14.7.3 Scattering from a Strongly Forward-Scattering Sphere
Construction of Fourth-Order Central Differences
Generating a Waterfall Plot and Animation
Rendering and Animating Two-Dimensional Data
PostScript Primer
E.2 The PostScript File
E.3 PostScript Basic Commands
Index
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Understanding FDTD Method

# Understanding FDTD Method

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05/11/2013

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