Vectors, Scalars & Linear Motion
Vectors and Scalars: types of measurement you can make.
Scalar Measurement: records the magnitude (or amount) of
Velocity: rate of change of displacement.
Acceleration: how rapdily something is changing speed.
Displacement: distance moved in a specified direction.
Displacement-time Graph: shwos the motion of an object
u: initial velocity.
a: constant acceleration.
Projectiles: vectors at right angle to each other are
Circular Motion: resultant force. Called the centripetal force.
Centripetal Force: always directed towards the centre of the
Centripetal Acceleration: caused by the centripetal force.
Always at 90oM to the direction of the movement of the
Force: rate of change of the linear momentum of a body.
Balanced Forces: cause no acceleration.
Unblanaced Forces: cause acceleration in the direction of
the resultant force.
Calculating Force: F = ma.
F: force (N)
m: mass (kg)
a: acceleration (m/s2).
Newton's First Law of Motion: bodies will continue to move
"Friction Dissipates Energy": means that energy moves,
usually changing from kinetic energy to heat energy, where
it is lost ot the surroundings.
Terminal Velocity: when air resistance force up has grown so
big that it matches the weight down, there is no resultant
force and therefore no acceleration.
Conservation of a Momentum Principle: states that the total momentum of a system remains constant provided that no external force acts on the system.
Conservation of an Energy Principle: states that energy
cannot be created or destroyed only transformed from one
form to another.
Couples: two forces acting on a subject and the forces are parallel, in opposite directions, of equal size and not along the same line of action.
Work, Energy and Efficiency
Energy: 'the capacity of a body to do work'
Work: what something does whenever it transfers energy
Kinetic Energy:1/2 mv2. Stored energy. Kinetic energy stored
in an object that is moving = amount of work done
accelerating it to that speed.
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