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Pepper

Pepper

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Published by Sanket Patel

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Published by: Sanket Patel on May 17, 2011
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02/10/2013

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© Sebastian Pole 2006
 
PEPPER 
 
Common name
Black pepper (E), Kalimirch (H)
 Sanskrit
Marich
 Latin
 
Piper nigrum – Fructus (Piperacea)
 
Named after one of the names of the sun,
marich,
it has the same qualities as this macrocosmicsource of heat and light. It is warming, drying and stimulating to the circulatory, digestive andrespiratory systems.
 ENERGETICS
Rasa
(taste) Pungent, bitter
Virya
(action) Hot
Vipaka
(post-digestive effect) Sweet
Guna
(quality) Light, dry, penetrating
 Dosha
effect VK-, P+
Dhatu
(tissue) Plasma, blood, fat, nerve
Srota
(channel) Digestive, respiratory, circulatory, excretory
CONSTITUENTSEssential
 
oil
– sabinene, camphene, limonene, myrcene, piperonal
Alkaloid
– piperine, piperidine, piperanine
Fixed
 
oil
 
Chromium
1
 
BIO-MEDICAL ACTION
Digestive stimulant, carminative, expectorant, anti-bacterial, diaphoretic, analgesic, febrifuge,anthelmintic
 INDICATIONS
 
GIT
Useful for low appetite, sluggish digestion, abdominal pain, toxins or
ama
and borborygmus.Black pepper’s hot and penetrating qualities are a great stimulant to
agni 
as they help to increaseenzymatic secretions. This helps to enhance absorption of nutrients and literally ‘burn’ 
ama
. Itsaffinity for
 purishavasrotas
coupled with its anthelmintic qualities helps to remove worms. It can beused as part of the physical treatment of anorexia to stimulate hunger and interest in food. As itcontains chromium, a component of Glucose Tolerance Factor, Black pepper is a useful part of manydiabetes treatments; it normalises
medasdhatu
and prevents
ama
overflowing into the pancreas andurine.
2
 
Lungs
Specific for cold, wet, damp
kapha
conditions in the
 pranavahasrotas
with white, stickymucus and a productive cough; asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia and sore throats.
3
Black pepperinfused oil or ghee, applied into the nose, can be a wonderful decongestant to the sinuses blockedwith
kapha
or
ama
.
Fevers
It can help to ‘cook’ the pathogens and then induce a sweat to release the misplaced
agni 
that has moved from the stomach to the plasma tissue. It clears
ama
from
rasa dhatu
andnormalises the digestive fire in the stomach. Used as part of treatment in intermittent fevers such asmalaria when it is often combined with bitter and cooling herbs.
4
 
1
Williamson, Duke
2
Tillotson
3
Bhavaprakasha
4
Paranjpe
PEPPER 
 
 
© Sebastian Pole 2006
 
Circulation
Pepper has the ability to stimulate micro circulation in the capillaries. This can be usefulin cirrhosis, hepatitis and skin diseases with signs of stagnant blood; red or purple patches andchronic lesions. This can also be of benefit in cold congestion in the uterus and
apanakshetra
withdysmenorrhoea and amenorrhoea. External application of the essential oil can help to relieveneuralgic and arthritic pain with cold swellings.
 
AYURVEDIC ACTION
Deepana
Enkindles appetite
 
Pachaka
Digests toxins
 
 Amanashak 
Destroys toxins
Pramathi 
 
Removes accumulated
dosha
s from the
dhatu
s
 
Shirovirechan
Purges the head of toxins
 
Shwasam
Helps breathing
Krimighna
Kills parasites
Shulaghna
Removes colicky pain
Rasayana (Pranavahasrotas)
 
Rejuvenative to respiratory system
Kaphavatajit 
Alleviates
kapha
and
vata
 
COMBINATIONS
+ Ginger, Long pepper as part of the famous Trikatu formula for lung problems with sticky mucus.+ Tulsi, Vamsa lochana, Haritaki, Bibhitaki for cough from
kapha
excess.+ Tulsi, Neem in fevers of the
kapha
and
pitta
variety.+ Gotu kola, Myrrh, Turmeric in stagnation of the capillary beds.+ Aloe Vera juice to stimulate
rasadhatavagni 
and this can help treat anorexia, anemia andamenorrhoea.
 CONTRAINDICATIONS
With an excess of heat and inflammation Black pepper can irritate the mucus membranes. Not inhyperacidity. Not in dryness as it can aggravate
vata
in excess.
SAFETY
 The piperine content of Black pepper, when used as an isolated ingredient, has been associated withenhancing blood levels of certain medication such as propanolol, theophylline, rifampicin as it mayinhibit drug metabolism in the liver if used over long periods of time at high doses. Hence allpatients taking drugs that are metabolised in the liver must be carefully monitored if Black pepper isprescribed.
6
Other sources report that in its whole form it is a short-term bio-availability enhancer,increasing nutrient absorption, quickening absorption and reducing blood levels of medication.
7
 
DOSAGE
1–5g/day dried or 1–2ml of a 1:5 @ 70% tincture. Due to its intense hot quality as well as safetyissues do not use at a high dose (more than 5g/day) for long periods of time. Low dose is safe forlong-term use.
 NOTES
 * This parasitical creeper grows up host plants and thrives in the humid climates of south west Indiaand Sri Lanka.* The fruit is first green, then red, then yellow and finally goes black on drying.* Green pepper is less heating, does not aggravate
 pitta
and is sweet after digestion.
5
Gogte
6
Mosby
7
Williamson

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