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Turbine Erection

Turbine Erection

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Published by rupeshofgaya
turbine erection manual
turbine erection manual

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Published by: rupeshofgaya on May 17, 2011
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03/22/2013

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Chapter 
2Installation
INTRODUCTION
Proper installation of the machinery will contribute to long trouble-free operating life
withminimum
maintenance. To aid in making a proper installation, this chapter describes adetailed procedure that has proven successful for installing numerous turbines and theassociated equipment.The following chapter contains the installation methodsrecommended by KEPL-Elliott Company. Other procedures do exist which can provide asatisfactory installation; however, prior to using any of these alternate procedures, it isrecommended that the purchaser carefully investigate both the procedure and the ability of workers to produce a permanent and satisfactory installation.KEPL-Elliott Service Representatives are experienced in installation procedures and canassist
in
providing a good installation.The installation procedures contained in thischapter are as specific as possible but cannot possibly cover all variations in fieldconditions. Therefore, the KEPL- Elliott Service Representative may sometimes deviateslightly from the published procedures. This is done to give a better installation by usingprocedures to fit specific field and service conditions. Regardless of the procedure used,first class materials and quality workmanship should be employed.The procedure recommended by KEPL- Elliott involves the following items:1.Foundation2.Chock Blocks3.Grouting4.Setting the equipment on foundation5.Shaft alignment6.Coupling Installation7.Piping RecommendationsIncluded in this chapter is a detailed procedure for making "cold alignment" as well asmethods for making machine "hot alignment" checks.
BYR PE 100q.ch02.06/04/2007
2-1
 
Chapter 2InstallationWhile many aspects of an installation are the responsibility of the purchaser or 
hisengineer,
some suggestions are offered which may contribute to suitable installation. Onesuch example is whether to install the machine outdoors under only a roof, or in acompletely enclosed building. While this class of equipment can generally be installedoutdoors, local conditions may suggest alternate arrangements. Freezing or low ambienttemperatures around machinery can create difficulties during start-ups and shutdowns; for example, lubricating oil must be warm before starting equipment.Water and steamequipment must be drained completely or heated during shutdown.Alternately, in tropical areas, direct sun on one side of the foundation might causeexpansions which, when coupled with other factors in the system, could createunacceptable alignment.In addition to operating considerations, maintenance and equipment inspections will berequired
-
sometimes scheduled and occasionally unscheduled.Regardless of which,weather 
conditions
may not always cooperate.Rain, snow, wind and low or hightemperatures generally extend maintenance and inspection when workers are exposeddirectly
to
these elements. In addition, quality of workmanship may be lowered to a pointwhere work accomplished is futile.For inspection and maintenance, a permanent overhead crane or hoist is recommended.Casing top halves and rotors have close clearances which must be protected, therefore,moves must be slow and positive.This is seldom achievable with crawler or wheel-mounted cranes.Installation of the machinery may be on either steel soleplates or a self-supportingfabricated steel baseplate. The functional purpose of these intermediate supports is toprovide a permanent mounting plate for the machine feet that can be shimmed. When thefoundation support is not continuous or is mounted directly on columns, a self-supportingfabricated steel baseplate must be designed that will minimize deflections between contactsupports.Soleplates usually provide support for only one machine or smaller equipment strings. Inmost cases, a baseplate is made to support larger equipment strings. Some baseplatesare also designed to contain or support lubrication and seal system piping andinstrumentation in addition to the machinery. Baseplates with the lubrication system builtin may require less space and have lower installation cost, but are generally more difficultto maintain.Installations of a self-supporting baseplate on a reinforced concrete foundation shouldfollow the guidelines presented with only the sections indicated on the outline drawing leftunsupported. When the installation of a self-supporting baseplate is on structural steel or columns, care must be exercised to insure that the mounting surfaces are machined level(from end to end and side to side there should be less that
0
°
, 6’ slope) and flat (each padmust be flat within .003”
(.076mm)).
Full contact between the mounting surfaces isrequired without the use of step shimming. With this installation arrangement, grouting isnot
used
to fill in gaps, but other procedures presented in this chapter should be followed.See Figure 2-1.2-2
BYR PE.ch02.06/04/07
 
EQUIPMENT
BASEPLATE
Chapter 2Installation
FOUNDATION BOLTBASEPLATE
PAD
SHIMSSTRUCTURE
PAD
PLANT SUPPORTING STRUCTURE
FIGURE
2-1
TYPICAL BASEPLATE MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT ON STRUCTURAL STEELFOUNDATION
The principle function of the foundation is to provide a permanently rigid, non-warpingsupport for the machinery. In meeting these requirements, the foundation should:
hold machines in proper alignment under all operating conditions
support the machine's weight and load, and distribute it uniformly and evenly to thesoil or main support structure
maintain established equipment locations
minimize transmission of vibration to or from the machines.While the responsibility for a successful foundation rests with the purchaser, the followingsuggestions are offered for assistance and consideration:1.The outline drawing provides equipment mounting surface areas, ancho
boltlocations,
main piping connections, and other information necessary in designing afoundation.2.A foundation of reinforced concrete should be of ample size and proportion
for adequate
support of the machinery, as well as piping forces such as inlet anddischarge piping.3.Provision should be made in the foundation design for accessibility to all parts of themachine or its auxiliaries during operation, inspection and maintenance.
BYR PE 100q.ch02.06/04/2007
2-3

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