In this chapter, you will learn about:
simple harmonic motion
oscillating spring and pendulum
When you have completed thischapter, you will be able to:
describe oscillatory motion interms of period and frequency
define simple harmonicmotion as being due to arestoring force that is directlyproportional and opposite tothe displacement of an objectfrom an equilibrium position
explain the quantitativerelationships amongdisplacement, acceleration,velocity, and time for simpleharmonic motion
define mechanical resonance
Science, Technology, and Society
explain that the goal ofscience is knowledgeabout the natural world
Oscillatory motion requiresa set of conditions.
n October 15, 1997, NASA launched the Cassini-Huygens spaceprobe toward Saturn — a distance of 1500000000km from Earth.The probe’s flight path took it by Venus twice, then Earth, andfinally past Jupiter on its way to Saturn. This route was planned so that,as the probe approached each planet, it would be accelerated by theplanet’s gravitational force. Each time, it picked up more speed, allowingit to get to Saturn more quickly (Figure 7.1). Recall from Chapter 4 thatincreasing the probe’s speed this way is referred to as gravity assist.The entire journey of 3500000000km took seven years. For thisincredible feat to succeed, scientists had to know where the planetswould be seven years in the future. How could they do this? They reliedon the fact that planets follow predictable paths around the Sun.Nature is full of examples of repetitive, predictable motion. Waterwaves, a plucked guitar string, the orbits of planets, and even a bum- blebee flapping its wings are just a few.In this chapter, you will examine oscillatory motion. Oscillatorymotion is a slightly different form of motion from the circular motionyou studied in Chapter 5. You will better understand why bungeejumpersexperience the greatest pull of the bungee cord when they areat the bottom of a fall and why trees sway in the wind. You may noticethe physics of many objects that move with oscillatory motion andgain a new insight into the wonders of the natural world.
The Cassini-Huygens probe successfully orbits Saturn after a seven-year journey through the solar system.