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Published by Yinka Akinkunmi

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Published by: Yinka Akinkunmi on May 17, 2011
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07/03/2012

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1.SCOPEThis specification together with API 619 defines the minimum requirements for dry screw compressors for offshore installations. It is a supplement specificationto API 619, “Rotary Type Positive Displacement Compressors for Petroleum, Chemical and Gas Service Industries”. It defines details and features that are in addition to the API standard.2.INTRODUCTIONTechnical requirements for dry screw compressors are based on API 619, Third Edition, June 1997. This specification contains requirements supplementary to those of API 619, Third Edition, June 1997. They are identified as ADD, DELETE, REPLACE WITH and DECISION. Paragraph numbers in this specification are the same as API 619, Third Edition, June 1997. Requirements of which that are not revised remain applicable.All terms used in this specification are in accordance with the definitions provided in the API standard, e.g., vendor (supplier), purchaser and owner.3.SUPPLEMENTAL COMMENTS TO API 619SECTION 1 – GENERAL1.1Alternative DesignsVendor shall not offer alternate designs.1.3Proven EquipmentIt is the intent of purchaser to have proven equipment. The vendor shall furnish a list of user’s installations having compressors similar to the proposed compressors operating under conditions of equal or more severe service, and were manufactured and packaged at the same proposed point of manufacture. Relevant service conditions to be considered, shall include mechanical operating conditions (stress, environment), speed (rpm), load, discharge pressure, built-in volume reduction ratio, differential pressure, internal shaft deflections, thrust bearing sizing and discharge temperature criteria. These parameters shall appear in the installation list.Unless specific exception is recorded under the heading “exceptions to specifications” accompanied by a description of the proposed substitute that is equivalent tothat specified the proposal shall be based on equipment which complies strictlywith the requirements of this specification.The compressors shall have conservative tip speeds to minimize noise, vibrationsand improve reliability. Rotor tip speeds shall not exceed 80 meters per second (262 fps) or a rotor peripheral mach number of 0.32, whichever is more conservative. Compressor speeds shall not exceed 13,200 rpm. Motor input speeds shallnot exceed 1500 rpm. Vendor shall provide this data to purchaser and COMPANY with the proposals.4.1.11ADD1.Vendor’s erection supervisor shall be present during the following installation activities:a.Piping alignment checkb.Initial (cold) and final (hot) equipment alignment2.When reviewing purchaser’s piping, P&IDs and foundation drawings, vendor’s responsibilities shall be limited to the equipment supplied by the vendor.3.Compressors, drivers and auxiliaries shall be designed for installationand operation as required by AGB-CVX-GN-SPC-GN-0700.4.1.12REPLACE WITHElectrical components and installations shall be designed for a salt-laden and humid offshore environment and shall be designed, built and installed in accordance with IEC standards for Zone 2. Electric motors shall conform to the area classification requirements but, as a minimum, shall be rated increased safety Ex “e”,with a minimum IP protection IP56 IC411.4.1.13ADDThe equipment noise level furnished by the supplier shall conform to AGB-CVX-GN-
 
SPC-GN-0500.4.1.15REPLACE WITHThe compressor package with ancillaries shall be suitable for installation, baseplate mounted, outdoors, unheated, in a humid, salt-laden, marine environment onan FPSO offshore Nigeria. Provisions for ambient and unusual conditions (Harmattan dust storms) shall conform to the data sheets.4.1.16ADDTermination points for each process or utility system, fluid or electrical, shall be formed into a common supply and common return located at baseplate edge, ifpractical.1.Terminations shall be clearly labeled with function and rating.2.Piping terminations shall be butt welded or socket welded flanged connections.3.Process piping shall interface at compressor suction and discharge pulsation suppressors/silencers.4.Termination points shall be detailed in vendor proposal.4.2Pressure Casing4.2.3ADD4.2.3.1Gray cast iron pressure casing parts shall be strictly prohibited regardless ofservice due to installation in plant areas that are subject to fire hazards. When steel casings are not available, nodular (ductile) iron may be proposed for owner and purchaser comment, review and written confirmation.ADD4.2.3.2Suction design pressure for the casing shall be the same as the discharge designpressure.ADD4.2.3.5The maximum allowable gas discharge temperature without injection shall be lessthan or equal to 171oC (340oF).4.2.4ADDMinimum design pressure of cooling jackets, if required, shall be 5.2 barg (75 psig).4.2.5ADD“O” rings shall be suitable for the gas being compressed and shall be resistant to explosive decompression. O-rings or ring grooves machined into the flange facingof an axially split casing joint may be used subject to purchaser review. Boresfor O ring seals shall have a surface finish of 1.6 µm (63 micro-inches) Ra or smoother. Asbestos or asbestos filled gaskets shall be strictly prohibited. All elastomers in contact with the process shall be suitable for H2S and methanol.4.3Casing Connections4.3.1ADDModificationMain nozzle arrangements are subject to review by purchaser. To avoid liquids accumulation in the casing, the discharge nozzle shall be located below the shaftcenterline in the down position. Machined and studded main process connections are subject to review and comment by purchaser. The minimum flange rating shall be 300 lbs. for nozzles 51 mm (2 inches) and smaller.4.3.3ADDModificationWelding procedures, weld maps, and qualifications shall be submitted to purchaser for review and comment. All welding of connections, attachments and gussets,
 
including any weld repairs, shall be done prior to heat treatment and hydrostatic testing. All flanged casing connections, except for water or lube oils, shallmeet or exceed the ASME rating of the major casing nozzles. All auxiliary connections shall be at least 25.4 mm (1 inch). Deviations from these requirements shall be submitted in writing for purchaser review and written confirmation.ADD4.3.4Casings or the piping immediately following the compressor discharge shall havea low point drain connection and individual drains shall terminate with a flanged valve located outside of any acoustical enclosure.ADD4.3.5Where flanged, casing openings 51 mm (2 inches) and smaller shall be socket welded construction with a Schedule 80 minimum seamless pipe nipple, preferably notmore than 150 mm (6 inches) long and terminating with a welding neck flange. All auxiliary connections shall be at least 25 mm (1 inch). All casing connectionflanges 51 mm (2 inches) and smaller shall be rated 300 lbs. minimum. The useof slip-on flanges is prohibited. Threaded connections (SWAGELOK) may be used for connections smaller than 51 mm (2 inches) with purchaser review and written confirmation.ADD4.3.7Flanges 610 mm (24 inches) and smaller shall be in accordance with the dimensions and ratings of ASME B16.5. Flange nominal sizes 610 mm (26 inches) to 1524 mm(60 inches) inclusive, shall be in accordance with the dimensions and ratings ofASME B16.47 Series B (formerly API 605). Vendor shall verify that ASME B16.47 Series B flanges are suitable for the intended application. Other sizes shall becalculated in accordance with the applicable code and shall be reviewed by purchaser.Flange face finish shall be 125-250 AARH.ADD4.3.81.All machined and studded connections on the casing that are 51 mm (2 inches) and smaller shall conform to the facing and drilling requirements for ASME300 lbs. minimum rated mating flanges.2.Pressure or temperature gauge connections shall be made in the piping external to the compressor.3.Flushing connections shall be manifolded to a single inlet with orificesto maintain proper pressure levels at each injection point.ADD4.3.9Plugs shall have a 316L stainless steel shank of at least 100 mm (4 inches) in length to permit the use of a pipe wrench. Plugs not requiring removal at any time by the purchaser shall be seal welded.4.4External Forces and Moments4.4.1ADDAllowable compressor and pulsation suppressor flange forces and moments data shall be included in the initial bid proposal.4.5Rotating ElementsADD4.5.1.1Rotors shall be designed to limit maximum deflection to prevent contact betweenthe rotor bodies and the casing, and between the rotor bodies themselves. Thisshall include the most rigorous operating condition and 110% of the maximum allowable working pressure.ADD4.5.1.3Delete “When specified”. Shafts shall have a surface finish throughout the entire exposed length suitable for ultrasonic and/or liquid penetrant inspection. Journa

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