Lecture # 7
MorphologyOf Permanent Molars
,In this lecture we will talk about permanent 1
molar but at first we will talk about molars in general.
molars have 3 or more cusps but sometimes there is a possibility to have a premolar with 3 cusps , so how can wedistinguish between the two?- by counting the # of cusps buccally; premolars haveonly one cusp buccally , but molars have at least two.
lingually, molars have one or two cusps , but the mostcommon to have two.
molars in general have 2 or 3 roots.
( to distinguish between upper & lower molars:(
Roots:Upper molars have 3 roots; 2B and 1L but lower molars have 2roots; 1M & 1D.
Crown:In upper molars the crown is wider BL than MD (BL =11.0mm , MD=10.0mm(Lower molars the MD>BL (BL=10.0mm , MD=11.0mm.(
Cusps:In upper molars there're 4 unequal cusps but lower molars have4 equal sized cusps.