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Index From Global Trade and Commercial Networks

Index From Global Trade and Commercial Networks

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Published by: Pickering and Chatto on May 17, 2011
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– 263 –
INDEX
Aaytadi [Indian diamond company], 43agents, role o in diamond trade, 70–1, 82,110American War o Independence, 160Amsterdam, diamond trade, 6, 7, 42, 48–9,61–2Andries Pels & Sons [bankers], 61, 70, 90,105–6Antwerp, diamond trade, 6–7, 43, 64, 65,115Appiah, Kwame Anthony, 166Ashkenazim [Jewish traders], 5, 11–12, 49,70class dierences, 98–9connections with James Dormer, 95–6,104–9amily relationships, 99–104language, 98migration, 96–8trade with India, 113–14Atlantic history, 35–6, 38, 149Bailyn, Bernard, 36, 192n101Bandeira, José Rodrigues [company direc-tor], 56Ben-Amos, I., 4, 185n13Bentley, Jerry, 37, 192n104Benyon, Richard [English merchant], 156Berthon, Paul [merchant], 54, 68
t3.1
, 75,85, 123, 140, 142, 144, 145Berthon, Peter, 144Berthon & Garnault [company], 7, 61, 63,65, 66, 68
t3.1
, 70, 74, 75, 82, 84, 89,90–4, 123, 139, 163in Lisbon, 142–8, 152–3Berthon amily, 139–40, 220–1n108bills o exchange, 49, 52, 56–7, 92–5, 106–7,106
t4.1
, 177Blommaert, Samuel, 45Board o Deputies o British Jews, 130, 217n44Bonias, Paul [Huguenot merchant], 148Bonias, Philippe [Catholic merchant], 148Borneo, diamond trade, 11, 45Braamcamp, Hermann Joseph [merchant],54, 73, 74Brame, Jaques [Dutch merchant], 152Brant, Felisberto Caldeira [merchant], 52Braudel, Fernand, 25, 36, 189n57, 192n100Brazildiamond trade, 5, 11, 41, 49, 50–7, 62,72–6, 177textile trade, 153–4Bristow, John [merchant], 54, 73, 155, 172,198n112bullion trade, 107–9Burke, Edward, 22business correspondence
 see
trade correspondence, importance o 
caixas
[mining company representatives],52–3, 54, 56, 57capitalism, 15, 18, 19, 23Carvalho e Melho, Sebastião José de
 see
Pombal, Marquis o 
Italics have been used to identiy gures and tables.
 
264
Global Trade and Commercial Networks
Catholic diaspora, 6Chapman, Stanley, 8Chardin, Daniel, 156Chardin brothers [diamond merchants],48, 58chartering o ships, 157–8cheating, eect on trade relationships, 2–3,6, 13, 26, 28–9
 see also
reputations, o merchants; trust,in trade relationshipsChild, Josiah [English East India Com- pany], 47Child, Sir Joshua, 136
Civilisation matérielle
, 25,
 
189n57classical economic theory, 14–17, 23, 186n3Cliord, George, 170Clive, Robert, 172–3Collier, Margaret, 145–6commission sales, 112
Companhia de Pernambuco
[diamond trad-ing company], 56competition between traders, 119–22complimentary markets, 61–6condentiality between traders, 120–2Coninck, Isabella de, 61, 68
t3.1
, 69–70, 74,77, 119, 120Constant, Benjamin, 15contracts, 51, 52, 54–6, 73Cooper, Frederick, 164coral trade, 47, 49, 62, 195n44cosmopolitanism, 164, 165–7, 179Costa, Anthony da, 159Costa, Mendes da, amily, 127, 129, 136Costa, Emanuel Mendes da, 161–2, 167–8,228–9n139Costa Quintela, Ignacio da [judge], 144Coutre, Jaques de [Bruges diamond mer-chant], 43credit, 8, 11, 57, 83, 90–4, 104, 177,207n141Cruz, José Francisco da [company director],56culture, denition o, 32
Cumberland 
[ship], 171Curado, Patricio dos Santos, 144–5Curtin, Philip, 25, 27–8, 62, 189n65Davenant, Charles [writer], 124, 215n5Davis, Natalie Zemon, 96, 208n4Deoe, Daniel, 136denizen status, 136–7diamond cutting, 42–3, 48–9, 58–9, 62,64, 74diamond trade1753 crisis, 52–3, 73agents, role o, 70–1, 82, 110Anglo-Indian trading, 45–50Brazil, 5, 11, 41, 49, 50–7, 62, 72–6cities, role in, 62commission sales, 112competition between traders, 119–22complimentary markets, 61–6condentiality between traders, 120–2contracts, 51, 52, 54–6, 73–4cultural value, 58–9demand, 63–4, 66early history, 41–5exchange sales o polished and roughdiamonds, 111–12exports, 45–6actors aecting supplies, 62–3airs, 116–17nancial transactions, 70–1, 77, 78,92–4, 104–9import duties, 46, 47India, 11, 41, 43–4, 55, 113–14,113
t4.2
and jewellery, 58nature o, 4–5, 11 partnership agreements, 46–7, 48 prices, 111, 112, 119sales, 63, 110–11sales percentages, 79, 79
  f3.1
diaspora communities, 3, 9, 25, 26, 96–9,123–6, 146–7disputes between merchants, 74–5, 105–6,108–9Doeringer, Tomas, 166, 228n127Dormer, James [merchant]and Ashkenazi diamond traders, 11–12,79, 95–6, 109–10, 114–15correspondence with other merchants,5–7, 8, 54, 68–9, 68
t3.1
, 147–8,150–2, 163–4, 176death, 75–6
 
 
 Index 
265early lie and career, 59–60insurance company, 80, 150, 154involvement in diamond trade, 60–1,62–3, 64–6, 69–71, 72–5 personal characteristics, 60 personal meetings with other merchants,116relationship with Ruben Levy &Company, 104–9, 110–12, 115–16,118–19, 120–2reputation, 89–90, 107, 121–2textile trade, 152–4
 see also
merchants; trade correspondence,importance o Dormer, Joseph Albert, 76Durkheimian theory o economic analysis,2, 21Dutch East India Company, 34, 44–5, 117,
 
192n103East India Companies
 see
Dutch East India Company; EnglishEast India Companyeconomic man, 14–18, 19–20, 22, 24–5economic sociology, 20–4economic theory, 10, 13–17, 20–1Endelman, odd, 98, 130, 208n15England, trade with Portugal, 142–3English East India Company, 41, 45–8, 100,113, 114, 155, 157, 158, 172–3English Factory o Lisbon [trade commu-nity], 142–8, 222n132entrepreneur, denition, 17ethics, 16, 20, 87Eurocentric viewpoints o history, 165,184n3airs, 116–17Fenwicke, Edward [English merchant], 156Fielding, Henry [English writer], 145–6Fischel, Walter, 155–6Fisher, Kitty [courtesan], 134, 219n72Flynn, Dennis, 35, 191n93Francis & Joseph Salvador [company], 9, 63chartering o ships, 157–8links with James Dormer, 6, 7, 61, 68
t3.1
,69–75, 83–8, 150–2trade with India, 154–8, 157
t6.1
trade with North America, 158
 see also
Salvador amily; Salvador, Fran-cis; Salvador, JosephFrancisco José & Manoel Lopes [company],153Franco amily, 127Franks, Naphtali, 168ree trade, 10, 14–15
 see also
traderiendship
 see
merchants, commercial riendshipsFukuyama, Francis,
 End of History
, 10game theory, 2, 13, 29Garnault, John, 144Garnault, Peter [merchant], 61, 123, 140,142, 144, 148Garnault amily, 140–1, 220–1n108George Cliord & Sons [bankers], 61, 65,68
t3.1
, 70–1, 73, 77, 82–3, 90, 105, 123George III [King o England], 130Gideon, Samson [18th-century nancier],126, 129, 130, 155Gildemeester, Daniël [merchant], 55–7Giraldez, Arturo, 35, 191n93globalizationdenition o, 3, 13, 33–5history, 36interconnectedness, 149–50, 166merchants role in, 162–7, 178–9and scientic networks, 170theory o, 1–2, 9, 12Goody, Jack, 18, 32, 38Gore, John [English merchant], 55Granovetter, Mark, 2, 20, 22, 23, 37–8Grão Pará e Maranhão Companhia [dia-mond trading company], 56Grei, Avner, 21, 25, 29, 82, 188n38Hancock, David, 9, 149–50, 162, 164Hanway, John [English merchant], 138–9,220n103Hindu merchants, 43Hirschman, Albert O., 4, 15
 História Chronológica
, 52
homo economicus see
economic man

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