(Fasching) - A multi-culturalist understanding of the world that focuses on cross-culturalunderstanding and building bridges of understanding that allow for a peaceful world community to becreated.
- is the political activity of various social movements for self-determination. It claims torepresent and seek to advance the interests of particular groups in society, the members of which oftenshare and unite around common experiences of actual or perceived social injustice, relative to the wider society of which they form part. In this way, the identity of the oppressed group gives rise to a political basis around which they then unite.
Reason determined through rationality
: “What is it?” Pre-Socratics like Heraclites or Anaximander who thought that there werefundamental substances in the universe like fire, water, nothingness—has now shifted more to questionsabout the relationship of the self to the world…almost always dealing with an external world
- is a public policy approach for managing cultural diversity in a multiethnic society,officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a country's borders.
The study of being/metaphysics- transcends the physical world and the 5 senses.
– Philsophy that is derived from the works of the seventeenth century, most noted for ascribing to capital ‘T’ truths.
: Resist discourse through comporting (e.g., break down heterosexuality by cross-dressing).
How things are represented in our consciousness, without reference to the status of theobject outside ourselves. Will be important to postmodernism in a few minutes. A philosophicmovement that originated around the turn of the century on the Continent (see Husserl’s CartesianMeditations for example). This movement -- like Russell, G. E. Moore, and the analytic movementgenerally -- insisted on divorcing philosophy from (empirical) psychology, thus avoiding somethinglabeled psychologism. The phenomenologists insisted that philosophers could directly study the pure phenomenon of thought (intensional objects) by a bracketing technique which avoided any commitmentsabout empirical psychology.
: Belief that the world can be read as a physical science with only concrete values.
: Shift in philosophy and art in 20th century, from objectivity and truth to “the world isconstructed.”
- is most easily understood as a critique of structuralism. Major contributorsincluded Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, and Julia Kristeva.
- A concept put forth to construct correct metaphysical doctrines rather than rejectmetaphysics.
: Dominant philosophy of international relations. Assumes states are rational actors and canaccurately predict and avoid war.
: How we describe the world, the terms we use to describe the world, how we processinformation, etc.
: Fighting against (unjust) power.
(Fasching) - Exclusive groups that have differing descriptions of God and the correct reality.Sacred groups are responsible for Hiroshima, Auschwitz and the coming apocalypse.
: Many people think of the world as a resource. They only think about what somethingcan do for them, not its essence. It’s merely a “reserve” that is waiting around for us to use.
: The existence and authority of the state. State means any organized system of governance.