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Published by: bluetub debate on Sep 07, 2008
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Kritikal Super Best FriendsKritik Authors and YouA Lecture by Josh
Key Terms:
Here is a list of key terms. You should use this as a reference during this lecture and in future lecturesand debate.
: Power over life. The ability to preserve life is the flip-side of the power to take it away(Foucault).
– The grouping of people together in order to manage them.
is an economic system in which the means of production are mostly privately owned, andcapital is invested in the production, distribution and other trade of goods and services, for profit.
is a political ideology that seeks to establish a future classless, stateless socialorganization based upon common ownership of the means of production and the absence of private property. It can be classified as a branch of the broader socialist movement.
: You can break down any word/sentence because they say many things at once.Philosophers deconstruct complex things like god. E.g., deconstruction of law = It’s composed of  people, they are corrupt, many people are denied rights.
Each person is an end unto his or herself. Someone who really believed in this system of ethics would find the idea of the politics DA abhorrent. Cannot decide to use the people of the harms asa means to preventing a war that is not their fault.
: Usually fundamental; traits that distinguish certain groups of people from others (gender,sex, ethnicity, etc.)
: Basically means “ideas.” Refers to language and its assumptions; everything that conditionsthe way one speaks.
: Belief that humans can understand the world through objective observation.
: A study of the history of thought, how we acquire knowledge of the world.
Most common, asks, “What is right?”
: A story we tell ourselves in order to explain reality. E.g., a movie.(psychoanalysis).
: Form = how you say something; Content = what you say (e.g., sarcasm, numberingarguments, speed).
: Historical investigation; research of how ideas have changed over time (Foucault).
Geo = geography; politics = making decisions that weigh the pros and cons. Geopolitics = politics of the world
: A method of analysis/perspective. You start from one kind of thinking to get to another.
Idea that humans are the best and are the center of the universe, and we’re also getting better (e.g., don’t judge slave owners because our values hadn’t evolved yet).
(Fasching) - A multi-culturalist understanding of the world that focuses on cross-culturalunderstanding and building bridges of understanding that allow for a peaceful world community to becreated.
Identity politics
- is the political activity of various social movements for self-determination. It claims torepresent and seek to advance the interests of particular groups in society, the members of which oftenshare and unite around common experiences of actual or perceived social injustice, relative to the wider society of which they form part. In this way, the identity of the oppressed group gives rise to a political basis around which they then unite.
Reason determined through rationality
: “What is it?” Pre-Socratics like Heraclites or Anaximander who thought that there werefundamental substances in the universe like fire, water, nothingness—has now shifted more to questionsabout the relationship of the self to the world…almost always dealing with an external world
- is a public policy approach for managing cultural diversity in a multiethnic society,officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a country's borders.
The study of being/metaphysics- transcends the physical world and the 5 senses.
– Philsophy that is derived from the works of the seventeenth century, most noted for ascribing to capital ‘T’ truths.
: Resist discourse through comporting (e.g., break down heterosexuality by cross-dressing).
How things are represented in our consciousness, without reference to the status of theobject outside ourselves. Will be important to postmodernism in a few minutes. A philosophicmovement that originated around the turn of the century on the Continent (see Husserl’s CartesianMeditations for example). This movement -- like Russell, G. E. Moore, and the analytic movementgenerally -- insisted on divorcing philosophy from (empirical) psychology, thus avoiding somethinglabeled psychologism. The phenomenologists insisted that philosophers could directly study the pure phenomenon of thought (intensional objects) by a bracketing technique which avoided any commitmentsabout empirical psychology.
: Belief that the world can be read as a physical science with only concrete values.
: Shift in philosophy and art in 20th century, from objectivity and truth to “the world isconstructed.”
- is most easily understood as a critique of structuralism. Major contributorsincluded Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, and Julia Kristeva.
- A concept put forth to construct correct metaphysical doctrines rather than rejectmetaphysics.
: Dominant philosophy of international relations. Assumes states are rational actors and canaccurately predict and avoid war.
: How we describe the world, the terms we use to describe the world, how we processinformation, etc.
: Fighting against (unjust) power.
(Fasching) - Exclusive groups that have differing descriptions of God and the correct reality.Sacred groups are responsible for Hiroshima, Auschwitz and the coming apocalypse.
Standing reserve
: Many people think of the world as a resource. They only think about what somethingcan do for them, not its essence. It’s merely a “reserve” that is waiting around for us to use.
: The existence and authority of the state. State means any organized system of governance.
: Alterity = difference; subaltern = below difference. Means people who are not consideredwithin your community
): Consciousness of the self in relation to the external universe; the accumulation of  personal experiences; self-reflection.
The “other”:
Other people/subjects, often the disempowered and marginalized.
The Big Other
: (Capitalized “O”) Like big brother- hidden thread that organizes society. (Psycho-analysis based)
The Real
: Reality is a lie. The “Real” never is fully grasped by the human mind (psychoanalysis).
: Greatest good for the greatest number.
Our Heroes:

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