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The Outshining Answer About the Visitors of Grave

The Outshining Answer About the Visitors of Grave

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Published by Abdul Razaq Yusuf

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Published by: Abdul Razaq Yusuf on May 17, 2011
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02/10/2013

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Al-Jawab Al-Bahir ‘An Zuwar Al-MaqabirThe outshining answer about the visitors ofgravesByShaykh Al-Islam Ahmad ibn Taymiyah
Translation: Ali Hassan KhanHelp Umm-ul-Qura university
www.umm-ul-qura.org 
 
 
Introduction from the translatorThe present translation has been done from the edition of Dar ibn Rajab with theverification of Shaykh Abu Ya’qub Nashat ibn Kamal Al-Misri. This edition hasbeen introduced and praised by his teacher Shaykh Mustafa ibn Al-‘Adawi.All the notes on Hadith and others have been adapted and summarised from thenotes of Shaykh Nashat ibn Kamal Al-Misri with the exception of the notes of thetranslator that are indicated with the letter T.All the titles in brackets do not appear in the original work of ibn Taymiyah andalso come from Shaykh Nashat.Some words like “Tabi’i” (student of Sahabah) have a normal plural formal andtheir plural is Tabi’un in nominative form and Tabi’in in accusative and genitiveform. So the English translation of these kinds of nouns has been changed andtheir plural has been indicated with an added “s” to the singular form, so theplural will be “Tabi’is”. Same for the word “Muhajir” and some others.And the word “Imam” who has an irregular plural form and it is “A’imah”, thenits plural has also been changed and it has also been indicated by a “s” added tothe singular form, so it will be “Imams”.Concerning the meaning of Allah sending Salah upon the Prophet (saw),‘Allamah Abdur Rahman ibn Hasan Ale Shaykh wrote in “Fath Al-Majid SharhKitab Tawhid”: “The most authentic about the Salah of Allah on His servant iswhat Al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him, mentioned from Abu ‘Aliyah:“The Salah of Allah on His servant means praising him in front of angels” andibn Al-Qayim, may Allah have mercy on him, affirmed this and strengthened itin his two books “Jala Al-Afham” and “Badai’ al-Fawaid”.”As for sending Salam, it is the Islamic way of greeting, and it means to ask Allahto send peace and security on the greeted one.The verb “Kariha” has been translated in some places with the meaning offorbiddance and not mere dislike.The words “Karahiyah” “Karahah”, “Makruh” and the verb “Kariha” are notalways used for dislike or reprehension, but also for forbiddance. And the Salafused it to mean forbiddance in some places. For instance Imam Tirmidhi in his“Sunnan” has many chapters entitled “Karahiyah of this thing or that” and hemeant forbiddance. Some examples are quoted below:
 
The chapter entitled “Ma Ja fi Karahiyah Khatim Adh-Dhahab”: what is narratedabout the forbiddance of gold rings (for men).The chapter “Ma Ja fi Karahiyah An-Na’i”: what is narrated about theforbiddance of announcing the death (of someone like at the time of Jahiliyah).The chapter “Ma ja fi Karahiyah An-Nawh”: what is narrated about theforbiddance of wailing and lamenting (for the death)).And the chapter “Ma ja fi Karahiyah Mahr Al-Baghi” (what is narrated about theforbiddance of the salary of the prostitute).So all these matters are clearly forbidden, yet Imam Tirmidhi used the word“Karahiyah” about them. So the context shows us what the author intends byMakruh or Karahiyah.And Ahnaf use the word “Makruh Tahrimi” for forbiddance and “MakruhTanzihi” for dislike. Whatever is forbidden by the Khabar Ahad is “MakruhTahrimi” and whatever is forbidden by the Quran, Hadith Mutawatir andMashur, it is called Haram. The Khabar Ahad for Ahnaf is the Hadith notreaching the level of Tawatur or Mashur and the Mashur for Ahnaf is what isrelated by some few Sahabah but then in next generations it becomes Mutawatir.So wearing silk for men, plastering graves is not Haram but “Makruh Tahrimi”according to Ahnaf’s technical words, because these things are forbidden byKhabar Ahad. Yet these actions are forbidden and not disliked. Its doer is sinful.Also Ahnaf as told in their books of Usul Al-Fiqh have specified that when ImamAbu Hanifah uses the word Makruh absolutely then it means “Makruh Tahrimi”.In this book, Shaykh Al-Islam used the verb “Kariha” in reference to ImamMalik, and they have been translated by “Imam Malik considered forbidden”instead of “Imam Malik disliked” because the context shows that “Kariha” heremeans forbiddance.For instance, Shaykh Al-Islam wrote in one place: “As for what exceeds this likehalting (beside the grave) for invocation for the Prophet (saw) with a lot of Salahand Salam send on him, then Malik considered it to be forbidden (Karihahu) andhe said: “This is an innovation, the Salaf did not use to do it, and the last part ofthis community will not be reformed except with what reformed its first part.”In another place, he wrote about Imam Malik: “And he considered forbidden(Kariha) that one innovates there any kind of innovation, and he considered

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