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Table Of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1.BACKGROUND
1.2.OBJECTIVE
1.3.SCOPE
1.4.STRUCTURE
2.1.GENERAL ASPECTS
2.1.1.1.Deterministic approach
2.1.1.2.Probabilistic approach
2.1.2.Design and operational considerations
2.1.2.1.Reactor type
2.1.2.2.Reactor size or power level
2.1.2.3.Reactor utilization
2.1.2.4.Fuel characteristics
2.1.2.5.Specific design features
2.1.2.6.Maintenance and periodic testing
2.2.1.2.Loss of flow accident
2.2.1.3.Loss of coolant accident
2.2.1.4.Fuel handling accident
2.2.1.5.Accident involving experimental devices
2.3.1.Influence of accident frequency
2.3.2.Other factors
3. DERIVATION OF THE SOURCE TERM
3.1.FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SOURCE TERM
3.1.1.General considerations for source term calculations
3.1.2.Atmospheric dispersion modelling
3.2.FISSION PRODUCT INVENTORY
3.2.1.Effect of reactor design and duty cycle
3.2.2.Fission product characteristics
3.3.OTHER RADIONUCLIDE INVENTORIES
3.3.1.Transuranic elements
3.3.2.Activation products
3.3.2.1.Activation of core materials
3.3.2.2.Experimental devices
3.4.CORE DAMAGE MECHANISMS AND PROGRESSION
3.4.1.Cladding failure
3.4.2.Reactivity transients
3.4.3.Loss of flow accidents
3.4.4.Loss of coolant accidents
3.4.5.Chemical reactions
3.4.6.Relocation of fuel
3.4.7.Fuel handling accidents
3.5.RADIONUCLIDE RELEASES FROM FUEL AND EXPERIMENTAL DEVICES
3.5.1.Fission product releases from fuel
3.5.1.1.Factors influencing releases
3.5.1.2.Fission product releases from U–Al fuels
3.5.2.Radionuclide releases from experimental devices
3.6.RETENTION OF RADIONUCLIDES IN THE PRIMARY COOLING SYSTEM
3.6.1.Retention of fission products
3.6.2.Retention of other radionuclides
3.7.CONFINEMENT PERFORMANCE AND RELEASES
3.7.1.Basics of confinement performance
3.7.2.Noble gas release
3.7.3.Retention of particulates and iodine
3.7.4.3.Direct bypass and failure to isolate
3.7.4.4.Miscellaneous challenges
4. RADIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES
4.1.FACTORS INFLUENCING RADIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES
4.1.1.Special considerations for research reactors
4.2.ON-SITE CONSEQUENCES INSIDE THE REACTOR BUILDING
4.2.1.Exposure pathways
4.3.ON-SITE CONSEQUENCES OUTSIDE THE REACTOR BUILDING
4.3.1.On-site exposure resulting from containment release
4.3.5.External exposure due to liquid releases
4.4.OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCES
4.4.5.Internal exposure from contaminated food
4.4.6.Computer codes for consequence analysis
IV.2.DESIGN BASIS ACCIDENT
REFERENCES
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Pub1308 Web

Pub1308 Web

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Published by: yuceman on May 18, 2011
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07/31/2012

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