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Table Of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
OVERVIEW ANDRECOMMENDATIONS
THE MEANING OF LIGHT
SO WHAT IS THE MEANING OF LIGHT?
TO SEE OR NOT TO SEE
HUMAN RESPONSE TO LIGHT
What is light and how do we see?
Lighting quality: a primary driver of lighting energy needs
LIGHTING GUIDELINES AND DESIGN CRITERIA
Table 2.3JIES recommended office illuminance levels
Table 2.6Recommended illuminance levels* in Australia
Discussion
THESE WINDOWS OF THE SOUL
GENERAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OFLIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES
Efficacy,lumen maintenance and temperature
Rated lamp life and useful lamp life
Lamp colour characteristics
LAMP TYPES
Incandescent lamps
Figure 3.4Types of electric lamp
Tungsten halogen lamps
Figure 3.7Common types of halogen lamp
Linear fluorescent lamps
Figure 3.8Features of LFLs
Compact fluorescent lamps
Figure 3.9Ballast-integrated CFL models
Incandescent lamp CFL
Cold-cathode fluorescent lamps
Low-pressure sodium lamps
Figure 3.10Features of low-pressure sodium lamps
High-intensity discharge lamps
Figure 3.11 Features of HID lamps
Induction lamps
Figure 3.12Examples of ceramic metal halide lamps
Vehicle lamps
Figure 3.14Configurations for headlamp optics
Summary of lamp characteristics
CONTROL GEAR
Ballasts
Lighting-control systems
FIXTURES AND LUMINAIRES
Box 3.9 General performance criteria for luminaires
Figure3.20Antiglare shielding for direct luminaires
Figure 3.21Suspended direct–indirect luminaires
DAYLIGHTING
Box 3.10 Energy-efficient torchières
WHY THE LUMENS ARE LAZY
Efforts to estimate global lighting energy consumption
Anote on the current methodology
Residential lighting
Table 4.3Useof CFLs in IEA countries*
Box 4.1Case study: The US Sub CFL Programme
Commercial sector
Industrial sector
Outdoor lighting
Vehicle lighting
Table 4.9Exterior-lighting characteristics for trucks
THE BUSINESS OF LIGHT: GLOBAL ILLUMINATION
The lamp industry
Figure 4.22Global trade in electric lamps in 2003
The lighting market
Table 4.11Estimated* global lamp sales in 2003
THE POTENTIAL FOR ENERGY SAVINGS
What technology opportunities are available?
Lighting energy savings in non-residential case studies
Previous savings estimates
BARRIERS TO ENERGY-EFFICIENT LIGHTING
Common barriers
Matching policy interventions to barriers
Government policies and programmes: common types
POLICIES TO IMPROVE LIGHTING-COMPONENT EFFICIENCY
Australia and New Zealand
New Zealand
OECD Europe
Japan
Korea
North America
Table 5.9US and Canadian MEPS for fluorescent lamps
Table 5.13Estimated savings from US lighting-related MEPS
Table 5.15Mexican MEPS for CFLs
Table 5.16Californian MEPS for GLS incandescent lamps*
China
Table 5.18Chinese MEPS for self-ballasted CFLs
Other non-OECD countries
ENERGY-PERFORMANCE BUILDING CODES ANDCERTIFICATION POLICIES
United States
Europe
Other OECD and non-OECD countries
Market-transformation programmes
Utility programmes
Other instruments
Estimating consequences of current policies
Projected energy trends and impacts of current policies
Costs and benefits of current policies
Assumptions for the LLCC from 2008 scenario
Costs and benefits of the LLCC from 2008 scenario
PROJECTED TRENDS IN VEHICLE LIGHTING
Vehicle-lighting fuel-use scenarios
CONCLUSIONS
Plate 3.3CIEchromaticity diagram
THE STATE OF THE ART
Physical principles and performance characteristics
Figure 7.1Composition of a modern LED
Figure7.2Steps to making an LED
Figure 7.6Light output over operating life of LEDs
SSL applications
Figure 7.9Common illuminated exit signs*
Figure 7.10LED street-light projects
The LED market
THE “GREAT WHITE HOPE”
Energy savings, technology targets and investment
Quantum dots: a leap in the light?
LEDs for fuel lighting: a fast track to clean development?
Why it might not happen: the barriers to be overcome
OLED WHERE ART THOU?
LIFTING THE LED WAIT: POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES TO ACCELERATE SSL
International R&D programmes for SSL
Into the light: some recommendations
AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL
POLICY OBJECTIVES
Procedural objectives
Situational objectives
Technology objectives
Development objectives
Summary of policy objectives
LESSONS LEARNED FROM CURRENT AND PAST EFFORTS
PROGRAMMES FOR THE FUTURE
Government programmes
Government–industry partnerships
Utility and energy-service programmes
International co-operation
Explicit policy recommendations
GLOSSARY
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
REFERENCES
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Light's Labour’s Lost- Policies for Energy-efficient Lighting - 926410951X

Light's Labour’s Lost- Policies for Energy-efficient Lighting - 926410951X

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Published by: javierfajardo on May 18, 2011
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