This 2010 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) progress report for Uganda comes at a critical time.The country has just launched its first National Development Plan (NDP) and the whole world isassessing progress towards the Millennium Declaration in the last five years before the 2015 deadline.As the report shows, there is good reason to celebrate the many achievements of the Ugandangovernment and people in recent years. Moreover, with peace in the country and the region, and theprospects afforded by newfound oil wealth, there is good reason to believe that prosperity for all iswithin reach. But, as the report shows, there is also cause for concern. For several MDGs, the progresshas been too slow to meet the national and international targets—and, for some, there has beenoutright reversal. In some cases, improvements in national averages mask inequalities in progress, e.g.among the various regions of the country. We also know that the challenge of meeting the MDGs will befurther compounded by the longer-term risks of climate change.One of the key goals where there has been insufficient progress is MDG 5: Improve maternal health.However, the MDG Acceleration Framework that has been applied to MDG 5 in this report clearly spellsout a series of practical solutions that, if implemented, could significantly spur progress. I hope that thereport’s recommendation that this analysis be followed by a joint action plan is taken forward urgently.The MDG Acceleration Framework could also be extended to other MDGs to sustain and accelerateprogress and could be considered more widely in the context of the goals and targets of the NDP. To Therenewed emphasis in the NDP on infrastructure development is critical for economic growth andemployment creation, and improved infrastructure is also crucial for the attainment of the MDGs.Investments in infrastructure and in MDGs need to go hand in hand.Finally, I want to take this opportunity to thank all those involved in preparing this report on the side of the Government of Uganda and among my colleagues at the UN agencies, funds and programmesserving Uganda, as well as development practitioners, researchers and other stakeholders. It is my hopethat the report will galvanise action and help ensure that the benefits of the development process inUganda are shared more equally and that concerted action is taken to accelerate progress towards theMDGs as we move towards 2015 and beyond.
Theophane NikyemaUnited Nations Resident Coordinator