1)There are many things that can be done with GIS, one thing in particular ismapping. Through GIS, we can produce many types of maps such as, maps of quantities, maps of densities; we can map change, and many others. Through themapping of quantities we can find areas of concentration, such as where the mostchildren are located, or where the least amount of strip malls are located. It is basically used to find where things are most and least likely to be located.Through the mapping of density, we can see the concentrations of certain things.One example given on the GIS website was mapping we are mapping areas suchas census tracts. It will make it easier to see the number of people in a certainarea. Another map that can be created through GIS is a map of change. A map of change can be specifically useful if we are trying to figure out change in weather patterns or if we are mapping crime trends among other things. Through GIS wecan also create maps within a specific area, such as school zones. Through GISwe can create many maps that are useful in all areas of daily lives.2)There are many types of GIS models, but two very popular ones are the Raster and Vector data models. The Raster model is created using layers of cells mostcommonly in the form of a square. Each layer of cells in the data modelrepresents one attribute. The Raster model usually fills up the entire grid and theoperations are easy to perform. The Vector data model is quite different from theRaster data model. The Vector model represents each feature as a row in thetable. Instead of cells, the Vector model uses a series of lines, points, and polygons when creating the model. The polygons usually represent a parcel of land, a body of water, or counties, among other things. When analyzing Vector models, there usually is a lot of summarizing involved.3)Metadata is additional information that is required to make data useful. It is basically information you need to know in order to use your existing data.Metadata can provide us with information in an area of interest as well as manyother important facts. Metadata is important because it is a tool that extremelyhelps with the understanding of spatial data.4)There are five steps in the process of performing GIS analysis and all areimportant. The first step is to
Frame the question.
We basically want to find outwhat we are trying to answer, what information we need, and how to go about theanalysis. The second step is
Select your data.
The data we collect determine themethods we use. In order to answer what we set out to answer we needdependable data that is accessible and is in our budget. The third step is
Choosean analysis method.
We have to decide which analysis method to use based onour original question. It might be a simple method, or it may be complex, but ithas to help us answer our original question. The fourth step is
Process the data.
We need to process the data in a way that makes sense four our goal. Some waysof processing the data are using coordinates to point out a certain area or classification schemes. There are many ways to process the data. The fifth andfinal step is
Look at the results.
We have to display our results in a way we canunderstand and then take action based on our results. The five steps arecomprehensive, but they are all necessary.5)The first website I visited is the Connecticut Department of EnvironmentalProtection website. This website displays the GIS mapping for many