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Bumi Hijau - L6

Bumi Hijau - L6



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Published by PAU6
Rencana pilihan tentang kepentingan program Bumi Hijau yang dilancarkan kerajaan. Nota ini khusus untuk pelajar tingkatan enam bawah di SMK Chung Hua Miri.
Rencana pilihan tentang kepentingan program Bumi Hijau yang dilancarkan kerajaan. Nota ini khusus untuk pelajar tingkatan enam bawah di SMK Chung Hua Miri.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: PAU6 on Sep 08, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Buku Hijau 1
May 06, 2008 15:06 PM
Green Book To FaceGlobal Food Shortage
A Special Report By Syed AzwanSyed Ali
KUALA LUMPUR, May 5 (Bernama) -- Asthe world is suddenly awakened from thefeeling of security that there is alwaysample food supply as a result of technological advances in agriculture,Malaysian experts are suggesting that theGreen Book Programme be revived.When it was introduced more than 30years ago, the Green Book had beeneffective especially in reducing the rate of inflation by raising the people's incomethrough involvement in agriculture eitheron a part-time or full-time basis.However, the country's success intackling inflation brought about by thedrop in rubber price and the economiccrisis in the early 1970's had resulted inthe Green Book Programme, introducedby second Prime Minister, Tun AbdulRazak Hussein, on Dec 20 1974, beingforgotten.Before the world crisis hit the country,the government had implemented theGreen Book Programme as one of thestrategies under the Food Security Policyinvolving a total allocation of RM4 billionto ensure adequate food supply andstable food prices.Experts, however, were of the opinionthat the Green Book Programme or anyinterpretation of this policy such as the`Bumi Hijau' or Green Earth programmemust be continued from time to time andnot only during times of crisis becausefood is a basic need which must beguaranteed."The Green Book and the NationalAgriculture Policy actually complementeach other," an economic expert, Prof DrMansor Jusof from Universiti KebangsaanMalaysia (UKM) Bangi told Bernama.Dr Mansor said the first objective of theNational Agriculture Policy was to raisefood security by increasing productionquality focusing on the aspect of commercial agriculture.The Green Book Programme, meanwhile,emphasised more on greater involvementby the people in agriculture andvegetable farming for their ownconsumption while the rest would be soldto the public.The main objective of the Green Bookwas to maximise land developmentinvolving short-term crops, groupfarming, breeding of freshwater fish, andenhancing the marketing of agriculturalproduct besides increasing national foodproduction and raising the people'sincome to reduce inflation.Under the Green Book programme, theconcept of "backyard farming" wasintroduced by planting chilli in flowerpots, planting fruit trees in the garden,and domestic breeding of chicken.In this context, Dr Mansor said theconcept of "community farming", that is,the economic utilisation of vacant land inresidential areas, must be extended tothe rural areas with supervision byrelevant agencies such as the AgricultureDepartment.He said the concept had beensuccessfully implemented in severalstates such as the "Ladang Rakyat"project or `People's Farm' in Kelantan.The expert also said that focus must begiven to farmers in the rural andsuburban areas too, although thegovernment was encouraging the"kitchen farming" concept by plantingvegetables and rearing chicken or fish ora combination of both in the garden of individual homes under the Green Bookprogramme.
"I believe we should go back to theoriginal concept of the Green Book whichalso aimed to raise the country's foodsupply by giving attention to smallfarmers in suburban areas. Farming is afull-time vocation and not an activity thateveryone can do," he said.He said the main challenge was tomarket the farm products which requiredfull cooperation of the agenciesconcerned such as the FederalAgricultural Marketing Authority (FAMA)and the Farmers Organisation Authority(FOA)."The government, meanwhile, cannotimpose a ceiling on the prices of vegetables as this can kill the farmers.For example, when there is a shortfall inproduction, the prices of vegetables arenot raised but when there is over-production, the prices drop without anycompensation paid to the farmers," hesaid.Agriculture and Agro-based IndustryMinister Datuk Mustapa Mohamed, inannouncing the Food Security Policy onFriday, said the government wouldallocate RM20 million to distributeselected vegetable seedlings, fertilisersand manuals to all strata of society thisyear.The implementation of the policy was inline with rising inflation due to theincrease in the prices of consumerproducts such as rice and other items.The Bank Negara Malaysia announced onApril 30 that inflation as measured by theannual change in the Consumer PriceIndex (CPI) rose slightly to 2.8 per centin March this year compared with 2.7 percent in the previous month.A lecturer attached with Universiti PutraMalaysia (UPM) Serdang, Prof Dr MohdAriff Hussein, said the Green Book wasbeing adopted in developed countriessuch as the United States, Japan andEuropean countries to improve self-sufficiency and these countries wereconsistent in adopting the programme."This is probably because they hadexperienced the effects of war..But it is agood programme and should becontinued and not implemented onlyduring times of crisis although it is truethat the rising inflation is a drivingfactor," he said.The 2005 statistics showed that the levelof the country's self-sufficiency for padiwas 70 per cent, fruits (98 per cent),vegetables (95.6 per cent), fish (90 percent), beef (23 per cent), mutton (7.1per cent), pork (76 per cent), chicken(143.2 per cent) and eggs (152.3 percent).He said besides "backyard farming" whichwas adopted previously, the hydroponicmethod of planting was suitable forimplementation in urban areas comparedto the villages where there was stillample land for large-scale farming."They can plant leafy vegetables such asmustard greens using the hydroponicmethod in their home. Plants which aresusceptible to diseases such as thebrinjal, however, are not suitable becauseof the financial cost and time needed,"said Dr Mohd Ariff who used to plantvegetables hydroponically in the early1990's.He also suggested that the hydroponicmethod, which had been widely used inflats in Singapore, be extended to schoolsto create the "demonstration effect" tothe teachers and parents.Dr Mohd Ariff said the logistical aspectsshould be given emphasis by the Ministryof Agriculture and Agro-based Industrysuch as deploying the relevant agenciesat supermarket chains such as the Giantor Tesco to facilitate members of thepublic in obtaining technical advice, toolsand seedlings.Under the Food Security Policy, FAMAwould raise its agricultural marketingcapacity through the development of distribution centres, collection centresand farmers' markets.-- BERNAMA
Buku Hijau 2
RANCANGAN 60 MINIT BERSAMAMENTERI YB DATO’ MUSTAPA MOHAMEDMENTERI PERTANIAN DAN INDUSTRIASAS TANI 13 OGOS 2008, 9.30 MALAM (RTM 1)PERANTARA: PEGGIE NG HIGHLIGHTS 1. Pameran MAHA (16 hingga 24Ogos 2008) merupakan pameranyang terbesar di rantau ini yangdiadakan 2 tahun sekali. Iamemberi peluang kepadapengunjung untuk melihatpelbagai pencapaian danperkembangan dalam bidangpertanian dan industri asas tani. 2. Pameran yang diadakan diSerdang, Selangor ini juga dapatmemberi semangat kepadarakyat tentang betapa besarnyapeluang bidang pertanian dan juga penemuan, teknologi dankaedah baru untuk menanamsayur-sayuran, ternakan danlain-lain. Di samping itu kita juga akan dapat melihatkejayaan yang dicapai olehusahawan-usahawan. 3. Menyentuh perkara utamamengenai Bumi Hijau yang telahdilancarkan pada bulan Mac2007 yang lalu, ianyamerupakan suatukesinambungan program BukuHijau yang dilaksanakan olehTun Abdul Razak ketika menjadiPerdana Menteri Kedua. DiPutrajaya, YAB Perdana Menteritelah melancarkan Kempen BumiHijau pada akhir bulan Jun laludi Presint 9. 4. Dalam krisis makanan yangdihadapi pada masakini,kerajaan merasakan ianya perludihidupkan semula untukmenambahbaikkan bekalanmakanan dan dengan itudiharapkan akan dapatmengurangkan beban kerajaan. 5. Kerajaan menghadapi dua isu.Isu yang pertama ialah krisisbekalan makanan dan keduaialah kenaikan harga petrolseluruh dunia. Disebabkan duamasalah ini menyebabkan inflasimakin meningkat di seluruhdunia. Di Malaysia lebih 7peratus untuk kadar terakhirbulan Julai yang lalu. Inimerupakan satu kadar yangtinggi. Justeru kerajaanmembuat keputusan untukmenghidupkan semula BukuHijau dengan tujuan untukmengurangkan beban rakyat. 6. Kerajaan telahmemperuntukkan RM25 jutauntuk menjayakan Buku Hijau.Bumi Hijau mempunyai tigakomponen iaitu: a. Tanam sayurb. Bela ikan keli dalamtangki atau kanvasc. Menternak ayamkampung 7. Kalau pelaksanaan Buku Hijaulebih memberi penekanankepada penduduk di kampungsahaja, Bumi Hijau akanmemberi penekanan kepadapenduduk kampung dan bandar.Penduduk bandar jugadigalakkan untuk menanamsayur dan sebagainya. 8. Melalui Mesyuarat MajlisEkonomi, Presiden CUEPACStelah mencadangkanKementerian Pertanian danIndustri Asas Tani untukbekerjasama dengan CUEPACSsebagai saluran bagimenyesuaikan Bumi Hijau sekaligus ianya dapat diterapkan diseluruh Negara di kampung danbandar. 

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