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Table Of Contents

Background
Infection control precautions
Introduction
Purpose
Objectives
Use of the guidelines
Need for an infection control programme
2Infection Control Programme
What is an infection control programme?
Organization of an infection control programme
Infection control committee
Infection control team
Infection control manual
Education and training of health care staff
(1)standard precautions;
Standard precautions
Hand washing and Antisepsis (hand hygiene)
Use of personal protective equipment
Management of health-care waste
Additional (transmission-based) precautions
•Airborne precautions;
Airborne precautions
Droplet precautions
Contact precautions
Patient placement and transportation of patients
Patient placement
Spacing between beds
Single rooms
Anterooms
Cohorting
Transportation of patients
Premises/buildings
Environmental Management Practices
Ventilation
Special air handling for airborne precautions
Protective environment
Water
Safe drinking water
Cleaning of the hospital environment
Waste management
Principles of waste management
Methods of disposal
Laundry
General instructions
Reprocessing of instruments and equipment3
Reprocessing Principles3
Cleaning, disinfection and sterilization
Cleaning
Selection of disinfectant
Sterilization
Special consideration – Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease 3
Exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
5Care of Health Care Workers
Exposure to hepatitis B virus
Exposure to hepatitis C virus
Sharp injuries
Tuberculosis
Meningococcal meningitis
SARS
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Causative agent
Susceptibility
Clinical picture in SARS patients
Clinical case definition of SARS13
Laboratory case definition of SARS13
Infection control precautions for SARS
Transportation of patients with SARS
Personal protective equipment used for SARS
Waste disposal
Specimen collection and transportation
Hospital screening, admission procedures and triage
Care of SARS patients in isolation
Discharging the patient
Care of the deceased14
Post-mortem
Infections with multidrug resistant organisms
Appropriate antimicrobial use
Antimicrobial use committee
Control of endemic antibiotic resistance
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE)
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
Infections with viral haemorrhagic fevers
Mode of transmission11
Infection control precautions11,19
References
Further Reading
Glossary
Acronyms
Personal Protective Equipment
Infection Control: A Quick Reference Guide for SARS
Isolation room
Acknowledgements
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Publications PracticalguidelinSEAROpub 41

Publications PracticalguidelinSEAROpub 41

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Published by Arun Kumar Gupta

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Published by: Arun Kumar Gupta on May 19, 2011
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02/10/2013

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