SIN JONES, updated January 7, 2013
It may lead you to other reference works, and even more still. You begin to paint apicture within a frame. The larger the frame becomes, the picture expands, as does yourunderstanding. One of the most commonly used references cited for the origins of Lucifer is
The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Smith
. Youcan look to version 3, page 346 for the use of Lucifer, as it relates to the Phosphorusmythology.I am adding the complete reference here, for ease of use:PHOSPHORUS, or as the poets call him
or •fcaea^opos (Lat.
that is, the bringer of light or of Eos, is the name of the planetVenus, when seen in the morning before sunrise (Horn.
xxiii. 226 ; Virg.
i. 288; Ov.
i. 3. 72.) The same planet was calledHesperus(
Vesperugo, Vesper, Noctifer
when it appeared in the heavens aftersunset. (Horn. //. xxii. 318 ; Plin. //.
ii. 8 ; Cic.
De Nat. Deor.
ii. 20 ; Ca-tull.62, 64 ; Horat.
ii. 9. 10.) Phosphorus as a personification is called a son of Astraeusand Eos (Hes.
Poet. A sir.
ii.42), or of Atlas(Tzetz.
879). ByPhilonishe is said to have been the fatherof Ceyx(Hygin.
65 ; Ov.
xi. 271), and he is also called the father of Daedalion (Ov.
iv. 484), or of Hesperis, who became by his brotherAtlasthe mother of theHesperides.(Diod.
iv. 27 ; Serv.
i. 530.)In addition, you can look to artifacts to cross reference the written references to obtaincultural mores:
Nyx (Night) & Hesperus (Evening Star), Athenian red-figurekrater C4th B.C., State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg