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Material Science & Engineering A_part i B_2006

Material Science & Engineering A_part i B_2006

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Published by: SB on May 20, 2011
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 Ex/PM/30B/19/2006
FINAL B. E
.
(MECHANICAL) PART IB EXAMINATION, 2006
 
MATERIAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING A
 
Time: Three hours Full Marks: 100Answer any
 five
 
questions1. a) Explain through structure property-performance windowthe transparency and processability of PS and Elastomericcharacter of PE at room temperature. b) Explain why having C-H bond strength of 473 KJ/molMethane solid melts at -182°C, but having Si-0 bondstrength of 375 KJ/mol silicate crystal melts at 1723°C.c) Write down the mer of polyacetal. Calculate the D.P.(Degree of Polymerisation) of a polyacetal molecule witha molecular weight of 25000 amu.d) Calculate the packing efficiency and the density of Diamond. The Lattice arm of carbon is 3·57
0
A.5+3+4+8=202. a) Write down the electronic configuration of the followingelements:Cu(29), Ti(22), Si(14), P(15) b) Calculate the percentage ionic character of SiC.Electronegativity of silicon = 1·8 and that of Oxygen=3·5.[Turn over 
 
 [2]c) From the bond character found out above, explainwhether SiC can be used as a suitable material for grindingwheel or not.d) Calculate the density of Zinc Blende (ZnS) where Sulphur atoms are at the FCC positions of the crystal. Ionic radiusof Zn
2+
= 0·060mm and that of S
2-
= 0·174nm Atomicmass Zn=65·37 amu, S=32·06 amu. 4+3+2+11=203. a) What are the differences between Thermoplastics andThermosetting plastics? b) What are the advantages of plastics?c) Show the merstructures of Butadiene and Chloroprenerubber.d) A rubber contains 85% polymerised chloroprene and 15%Sulfer. What percentage of the possible cross links are joined in Vulcanisation? Assume that all the Sulfur is usedfor cross links. 4+3+3+10=204. a) Name the types of microscopic composities, and showthem on sketches. b) From the mechanism of working of fiber reinforcedcomposite establish the relationc2
στ
l
=
 
where
τ
= shear strength of the interface between the fiber and the matrix
 
 [3]r = radius of the fiber 
l
c
= critical length of the fiber 
σ
= Tensile strength of the fiber.c) In a unidirectional Kevlar/Eposy composite, the modular ration is 20 and the epoxy-occupies the 60% of thevolume. Calculate the modules of the composite, andstresses in the fibers and matrix when 50 MPa is appliedto the composite. The Modulus of epoxy is 6 GPa.3+5+12=205. a) What is Alcladding? b) At 900°C, what is the time required to carburise a steelwith an initial composition of 0·2% carbon to 1% carbonat a depth of 0·2 mm? Assume a constant surfaceconcentration of 1·4% C due to carburising atmosphere.Given D
0
=0·7×10
-4
,
Sm
2
Q = 157 kJ/molR = 8.314 kJ/mol°K 
Z erf (Z)
0.25 0.27630.30 0.32680.35 0.37940.40 0.4284[Turn over 

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