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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION
PART I: PAIN TYPES & CHRONIC PAIN CLASSIFICATION
PAIN IN CHILDREN
PAIN IN OLDER PERSONS
CLINICAL TRIALS
PART II: MEDICATIONS AND CHRONIC PAIN
HOW MEDICATIONS CAN HELP & HARM
ADVICE FROM THE ACPA
WARNING FROM THE ACPA ABOUT PURCHASING MEDICINES OVER THE INTERNET
MEDICATION PICTURES
MEDICATION SIDE EFFECTS, DRUG ALLERGIES & DRUG INTERACTIONS
OFF-LABEL MEDICATION USE
PART III - OVER-THE-COUNTER (OTC) PAIN RELIEVERS
THE SAFETY OF OTC MEDICATIONS
ACETAMINOPHEN SPECIAL COMMENTS
PART IV - PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS FOR CHRONIC PAIN
NON-OPIOID ANALGESIC PAIN RELIEVERS (NON-NARCOTIC)
NON-OPIOID ANALGESIC DRUGS & THEIR USES
WHAT ARE OPIOIDS?
GENERAL OPIOID ADVERSE SIDE EFFECTS
DEFINITION OF TERMS
THE EVIDENCE FOR OPIOID USE
OPIOIDS & THE GOALS OF PAIN MANAGEMENT
EVALUATING OPIOID USE
ANTIDEPRESSANT SIDE EFFECTS
BENEFITS OF ANTIDEPRESSANTS IN CHRONIC PAIN
ANTIDEPRESSANTS COMMONLY USED FOR CHRONIC PAIN
ANTICONVULSANT (ANTIEPILEPTIC) DRUGS
SODIUM CHANNEL BLOCKING & ORAL ANTI-ARRHYTHMIC AGENTS
TOPICAL PAIN RELIEVERS
COMPOUNDED MEDICATIONS
SEDATIVES, ANTI-ANXIETY MEDICATIONS, & TRANQUILIZERS
MUSCLE RELAXANTS
ANTI-PSYCHOTIC MEDICATIONS
ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE MEDICATIONS
BOTULINUM TOXIN
NMDA INHIBITORS
ADRENERGIC DRUGS, BISPHOSPHONATES, THALIDOMIDE, & CALCITONIN
ACTIVATING MEDICATIONS (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANTS)
MIGRAINE HEADACHE TREATMENT
PART V - HERBAL MEDICINES, SUPPLEMENTS, & VITAMINS
POSSIBLE BENEFIT REGARDING THE USE OF HERBAL MEDICATIONS
CONCERNS REGARDING THE USE OF HERBAL PREPARATIONS, SUPPLEMENTS, & VITAMINS
PART VI – TOBACCO, ALCOHOL, MARIJUANA, AND ILLICIT SUBSTANCES
THE EFFECTS OF CIGARETTE SMOKE ON PAIN
ALCOHOL & CHRONIC PAIN
ILLEGAL DRUGS & MARIJUANA
PART VII - INVASIVE INTERVENTIONS
INTRA-ARTICULAR STEROID INJECTIONS
VISCOSUPPLEMENTATION
SPINAL CORD STIMULATION (SCS)
IMPLANTED INTRATHECAL DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS (“PAIN PUMPS”)
EPIDURALS, NERVE & FACET BLOCKS, & RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION (RHIZOTOMY)
PART VIII – COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (CAM)
PART IX – PASSIVE NON-INVASIVE INTERVENTIONS
HYPERBARIC OXYGEN
ACUPUNCTURE
PASSIVE THERAPIES & PHYSICAL MODALITIES
MANIPULATION & MOBILIZATION
MAGNET THERAPY
ELECTRICAL STIMULATION DEVICES (EXTERNAL)
TRIGGER POINT INJECTIONS
PROLOTHERAPY (SCLEROTHERAPY)
SURGERY
PART X – ACTIVE INTERVENTIONS- INTERDISCIPLINARY
FUNCTIONAL RESTORATION PROGRAMS & APPROACHES
EDUCATION
EXERCISE (ACTIVE THERAPY)
PSYCHOLOGICAL & BEHAVIORAL APPROACHES
MIND-BODY INTERVENTIONS
CONCLUSION
LINKS TO CHRONIC PAIN SITES & RESOURCES
REFERENCES ON THE INTERNET
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ACPA Consumer Guide 2011 Final

ACPA Consumer Guide 2011 Final

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Published by: zant77 on May 20, 2011
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