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Fallout Radiation Exposure Control

Fallout Radiation Exposure Control

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Published by rlnac
Fallout Radiation Exposure Control (An Introduction) by Jack C. Greene Postattack Research Division Office of Civil Defense 1965
Fallout Radiation Exposure Control (An Introduction) by Jack C. Greene Postattack Research Division Office of Civil Defense 1965

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Published by: rlnac on May 20, 2011
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\ I' 
FALLOUT 
RADIATION 
EXPOSURE 
CONTROL 
(AN 
INTRODUCTION) 
by 
Jack 
C. 
Greene 
1965 
""-I 
'-.., 
i, 
," 
::.: 
1 
~.:;r):1
...;.J.. 
I 
f' 
l 
Postattack 
Research 
Division 
O£!icc 
of 
Civil 
De{(!nse 
 
 
-1
1
I
PREFACE
This
paper is
intended
for
uIJe
by
postattack
research
contractors
and
other
interested persons
as
a
summary statement
on
the
problem.
of
radiation exposure control
with
emohasis
on
the
period
after
people
emerge from
shelter.
This
paper
is
the
first
of
its
kind
on
the
subject
and,for this
reason,
certain
bac~
..
ground mGterial
is
ipcluded.
An
effort
is
made to identify and
discuss problems
in
simple
and
direct
'language, and to
relate
to
operationalsituations.
Loss
of
precision
that
results
thereby
is
not
likely to
change
theimplications
and
conclu·sions
in
any
important
way. Referenc:-s
listed
at
the
end
of
the
paper
contain the
up-to-date scientific
information
on
this
subject:
also,
foot·
notes
are
used
in
some
cases
to
provide s,-pplemental
info:om&tion.
it
~_'_.d
____
_"
___
_
~'Q'·
___
------~
______
_.
.
.,
I
I
I
t
.
 
 
&
£E2
./
'/
,
_
-
CONTENTS
PREFACE
. .
.
. .
.
. .
.
. . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
. . . . . .
SUMMARY
.
.
. . . .
. . .
. . .
. .
.
.
.
. .
.
.
.
. .
. . .
BACKGROUND
• • • •
· .
. .
. .
.
. . .
. .
.
. . .
.
. .
. . .
I
TheNature
of
Fanout
· . . .
.
.
,
.
.
.
. . .
.
.
.
.
. . .
.
.
Definition
. . . .
.
. .
. .
.. .
Creation
and
Distriuution
·
. . . . .
. ·
.
.
. .
. . . .
Properties
of
Fallout
·
. .
.
.
. . . . . . . .
.
. .
. . . . .
.
Pageiiiv
1
1
22
6
Physical
Properties
of
FaUout
. 6
Chemical
Prcperties
of
Fallout
••••••••••••••
9
I\.adiological
Properties
of
Fallout
• • • • • • • • •
11
Standard
Intensity
and Radiation
Decay
.
. .
.
18
OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS CRITERIA
ZI
Protection
Factor
(Pf)
. .
.. . . . . . .
. .
. . . . . . . . .
2Z
COllntermeasure
Factor
(Cf)
~
. .
. . . . . . .
. .
.
. .
. .
. .
25
Radiation Exposure
Criteria.
• • . • • • • • • • • • • • • •
27
METHODS
OF
POST-SHELTER
EX!')()SURE
CONTROL
• • • •
31
Partial
Use
of
Shelters
•••••••••••••••••••••
31
Decontamination
• • • • • • • • •
·
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
~
.
.
.
.
.
.
34
Removal
of
Fallout Material
·
.
. .
. . .
. . . . .
. . . .
37
Evacuation(Remedial
Movement)
· . . . .
.
. .
. . . .
. .
. .
39
ILLUSTRATIONS
••••
. . .
. .
.
. . .
.
. . . . .
. .
.
.
. .
40LIST
OF
REFERENCES
••••
• • • •
..
• • a , • • • • • •
46
iii
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..
..
._
..................
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..
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............
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______
__
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