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Adobe publishing soware applies transparency in a number o dierent ways:• In Illustrator or InDesign, lowering a selection’s opacity to less than 100% using theransparency panel.• Using blending modes other than Normal on one or more overlapping objects (such as ordrop shadows) to vary how the colors o objects blend with the colors o underlying objects.• With eathering that soens the edges o an object by smoothly ading the object rom opaqueto transparent over a specied distance, into the page background or any objects behind it.Feathering can also be used to create halo and backlighting eects.• As a side eect o using live eects or styles and brushes that contain live transparency; or by incorporating previously created content that contains live transparency, either by directly importing it or via the Clipboard.
Transparency: live or attened
ransparent content in les can be either
(editable and interactive with underlying objects)or attened. Live transparency can be edited and can interact with underlying objects; attenedtransparency cannot be modied using the source application nor any application into whichthe le is imported. Flattening transparency accurately reproduces—by using opaque objects—the visual eect o transparency on printed output or in exported le ormats that don’t supportlive transparency.You can open les that contain live transparency, such as native Photoshop, native Illustrator,Illustrator EPS, native InDesign, and Adobe PDF 1.4 or later les, and edit the transparentobjects in the source application.ransparency is attened on exporting to a ormat that doesn’t support live transparency (suchas PDF 1.3, PostScript, and EPS) and on printing les. Formats that don’t support live transpar-ency include PostScript, EPS, Adobe PDF 1.3, DCS, GIF, JPEG, BMP, and IFF images createdprior to Photoshop 6.0. Because Acrobat Distiller consumes PostScript les as it creates a PDFles, PDF created by Acrobat Distiller® also don’t support live transparency. For best resultswhen designing with transparency, let your print service provider atten live transparency whenneeded. I your service provider is using the latest technologies that support PDF 1.4 and higher,or one that is based on the Adobe PDF Print Engine, attening may be unnecessary.At its simplest, attening converts all overlapping areas in a stack o transparent objects, plus alltext and graphics that interact with transparency, into opaque objects that retain the appearanceo the original transparent objects. Flattening cuts apart transparent art to represent overlappingareas as discrete pieces that are either vector objects or rasterized areas. As artwork becomesmore complex (mixing images, vectors, type, spot colors, overprinting, and so on), so does theattening and its results.
Te Illustrator EPS ormat is actually two concatenated les: a native Illustrator ormat that only Illustrator can open, and an EPS ormat that other applications can import or place. I youopen an Illustrator EPS le in Illustrator, all transparency remains live and editable. However, all other applications use the attened artwork in a placed Illustrator EPS le.
Feathering, 12 point sharpBlending mode (Screen)50% opacityDrop shadow