Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Understanding Decibel

Understanding Decibel

Ratings: (0)|Views: 336|Likes:
Published by Simon

More info:

Published by: Simon on May 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/20/2011

pdf

text

original

 
 For example, amplifier
gain
is a unitless value!E.G., amplifier gain is the ratio of theoutput power to the input power:
out in 
=
 
( )
10
Gain in dB 10 log
GGd
=
 
dB, dBm, dBw
Decibel
(dB), is a specific function that operates on a
unitless
 parameter:
Q:
A
unitless parameter! What good is that
?
A:
 
Many
values are unitless, such as
ratios
and
coefficients
.
 
10 
dB 10 log(x
 where x is unitless!
 
Q:
 
Wait a minute! I’ve seen statements such as: 
 
Of course, Power is 
not 
a unitless parameter!?! 
A:
True! But look at how power is expressed; not in dB, but in
dBm
or
dBw
.
Q:
 
What the heck does dB 
or dB 
refer to ?? 
 
A:
It’s sort of a
trick
!Say we have some power
. Now say we divide this value
byone 1 Watt. The result is a unitless value that expresses thevalue of
in relation to 1.0 Watt of power.For example, if 2500
PmW 
=
, then 125
PW.
=
. This simplymeans that power
is 2.5 times larger than one Watt!Since the value 1
P
is unitless, we can express this value indecibels!
…. the output power is 5 dBw ….or …. the input power is 17 dBm ….
 
Specifically, we define this operation as:For example, 100
=
Watts can alternatively be expressed as
( )
20
PdBwdB
= +
. Likewise, 1
PmW 
=
can be expressed as
( )
30
PdBwdB
=
.
Q:
 
OK, so what does 
dBm 
mean? 
 
A:
This notation simply means that we have normalized somepower P to one
Milliwatt
(i.e., 1
PmW 
)—as opposed to oneWatt. Therefore:For example, 100
=
Watts can alternatively be expressed as
( )
50
PdBmdB
= +
. Likewise, 1
PmW 
=
can be expressed as
( )
0
PdBmdB
=
.Make sure you are very
careful
when doing math withdecibels!
( )
10 
PdBw 10 lo1
 
( )
10 
PdBm 10 lo1 mW 
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->