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Otomobil Klima Sistemi Ve Klima Sisteminin Motor Performansi Uzerindeki Etkilerinin Incelenmesi Automotive Air Conditioning Systems and Effect of Air Conditioning Systems on Engine Performance

Otomobil Klima Sistemi Ve Klima Sisteminin Motor Performansi Uzerindeki Etkilerinin Incelenmesi Automotive Air Conditioning Systems and Effect of Air Conditioning Systems on Engine Performance

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Published by Yusufhan Canaltay

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Published by: Yusufhan Canaltay on May 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/11/2012

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YILDIZ TEKN
İ
K ÜN
İ
VERS
İ
TES
İ
 FEN B
İ
L
İ
MLER 
İ
ENST
İ
TÜSÜ
OTOMOB
İ
L KL
İ
MA S
İ
STEM
İ
VE KL
İ
MA S
İ
STEM
İ
 N
İ
 NMOTOR PERFORMANSI ÜZER 
İ
 NDEK 
İ
ETK 
İ
LER 
İ
 N
İ
 N
İ
 NCELENMES
İ
 
Mak. Müh. Selçuk OK 
FBE Makina Mühendisli
ğ
i Anabilim Dal
ı
Enerji Program
ı
ndaHaz
ı
rlanan
YÜKSEK L
İ
SANS TEZ
İ
 
Tez Dan
ı
ş
man
ı
:
Prof. Dr. Orhan DEN
İ
Z
İ
STANBUL, 2008
 
 ii
İ
Ç
İ
NDEK 
İ
LER 
S
İ
MGE L
İ
STES
İ
.......................................................................................................................ivKISALTMA L
İ
STES
İ
................................................................................................................v
Ş
EK 
İ
L L
İ
STES
İ
........................................................................................................................viÇ
İ
ZELGE L
İ
STES
İ
.................................................................................................................viiiÖNSÖZ......................................................................................................................................ixÖZET ........................................................................................................................................xABSTRACT..............................................................................................................................xi1. G
İ
İŞ
..............................................................................................................................12. OTOMOB
İ
L KL
İ
MA S
İ
STEM
İ
.....................................................................................22.1 Klima Sistemi
İ
le
İ
lgili Temel Bilgiler...........................................................................22.2 Klima Sistemini
İ
htiyaç Duyulmas
ı
n
ı
n Nedenleri..........................................................52.3 Klima Sisteminin Tarihsel Geli
ş
imi...............................................................................72.4 Is
ı
tma ve Havaland
ı
rma Tekni
ğ
i....................................................................................92.4.1 Is
ı
tma Sistemi.................................................................................................................92.4.2 Havaland
ı
rma ve Filtreleme Sistemi............................................................................112.4.2.1 Do
ğ
al Ak 
ı
ş
l
ı
Vantilatör.................................................................................................112.4.2.2 Zorlay
ı
c
ı
Ak 
ı
ş
l
ı
Vantilatör (Üfleyici)...........................................................................122.4.2.3 Hava Filtre Sistemi.......................................................................................................132.4.3 Hava Da
ğ
ı
t
ı
m Sistemi...................................................................................................143. SO
Ğ
UTMA TEKN
İĞİ
.................................................................................................163.1 Temel Bilgiler...............................................................................................................163.2 Is
ı
tma Tekni
ğ
i...............................................................................................................173.3 Bas
ı
...........................................................................................................................183.4 Konfor ve Nem.............................................................................................................193.5
İ
deal Buhar S
ı
ı
ş
t
ı
rmal
ı
So
ğ
utma Çevrimi...................................................................203.6 So
ğ
utma Çevriminde Kullan
ı
lan Ak 
ı
ş
kanlar................................................................223.6.1 R12 (Feron) Gaz
ı
..........................................................................................................233.6.2 R134a Gaz
ı
...................................................................................................................243.6.3. R134a Gaz
ı
Kullan
ı
m
ı
 
İ
çin Klima Sisteminde Yap
ı
lan De
ğ
i
ş
iklikler.........................244. KL
İ
MA S
İ
STEM
İ
.........................................................................................................264.1 Klima Sisteminin Aktivasyonu.....................................................................................264.2 Genle
ş
me Valfli Klima Sistemi....................................................................................28 4.3 Sabit Orifis Valfli Klima Sistemi................................................................................. 314.4 Çift Yap
ı
l
ı
Klima Sistemi.............................................................................................32 4.5 Klima Sisteminde Havaland
ı
rma ve Filtreleme Sistemi...............................................32 
 
 iii5. KL
İ
MA S
İ
STEM
İ
 N
İ
 N ELEMANLARI.......................................................................345.1 Kompresör....................................................................................................................345.1.1 Temel Bilgiler...............................................................................................................345.1.2 Kompresör Çe
ş
itleri......................................................................................................355.1.2.1 Krank Tipi Kompresör..................................................................................................355.1.2.2 Eksenel Pistonlu De
ğ
i
ş
ken Kapasiteli Kompresör.......................................................36 5.1.2.3 Kanat Tipi Kompresör..................................................................................................395.1.2.4 Helezyon Tip Kompresör............................................................................................. 395.1.2.5 Elektrikli Kompresör....................................................................................................405.2 Kondenser.....................................................................................................................425.3 Nem Al
ı
c
ı
(Kurutucu) / Toplay
ı
c
ı
................................................................................445.4 Genle
ş
me Valfi / Sabit orifis Valf................................................................................455.5 Evaporatör.....................................................................................................................475.6 Hortumlar......................................................................................................................485.7. Doldurma Vanas
ı
..........................................................................................................495.8 Üç Fonksiyonlu Presostat.............................................................................................505.9 Güç Modülü..................................................................................................................515.10 Hava Üfleme Düzene
ğ
i Motorlar 
ı
................................................................................515.11 Evaporatör Sondas
ı
.......................................................................................................515.12 D
ı
ş
S
ı
cakl
ı
k Sondas
ı
.....................................................................................................525.13 Araç
İ
çi Sondas
ı
............................................................................................................525.14 Nem Kaptörü................................................................................................................535.15 Güne
ş
Kaptörü..............................................................................................................535.16 Hava Kirlilik Kaptörü...................................................................................................536. KL
İ
MA KONTROL S
İ
STEMLER 
İ
.............................................................................546.1. Manuel Klima Kontrol Sistemi (Ford Fiesta)...............................................................556.2 Yar 
ı
Otomatik Klima Sistemi.......................................................................................576.3. Otomatik Klima Kontrol Sistemi (Honda)...................................................................577. KL
İ
MA S
İ
STEM
İ
 N
İ
 N MOTOR PERFORMANSI ÜSTÜNDEK 
İ
ETK 
İ
S
İ
(FORD).637.1 De
ğ
i
ş
ken Hacimli Sallant
ı
Plakal
ı
Kompresörün Çal
ı
ş
ma Biçimi ve Özellikleri........637.1.1 De
ğ
i
ş
ken Hacimli Sallant
ı
Plakal
ı
Kompresörün Çal
ı
ş
ma Biçimi...............................63 7.1.2. De
ğ
i
ş
ken Hacimli Sallant
ı
Plakal
ı
Visteon Marka Kompresörün So
ğ
utma Kapasitesive Güç Tüketimi...........................................................................................................667.2 Alternatör......................................................................................................................737.3. Kondenser ve Üfleyici Fanlar 
ı
n Özellik ve Güç Tüketim De
ğ
erleri...........................757.4. Motor Güç E
ğ
risi..........................................................................................................778. SONUÇLAR VE ÖNER 
İ
LER......................................................................................81KAYNAKLAR.........................................................................................................................83EKLER.....................................................................................................................................84ÖZGEÇM
İŞ
..............................................................................................................................85

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