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Hemp Nutrition

Hemp Nutrition

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Published by Zipi Mosseri

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Published by: Zipi Mosseri on May 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/10/2013

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Hemp foods are expanding onto the shelves ofgrocery andnatural food stores across North America.By definition,theseare foods containing whole hemp seeds or the oil,nut (hulledseed) and/or flour (ground seedcake) derived from the seeds.Examples ofcurrently availablehemp food products include saladdressings,nutrition bars,breads,cookies,granola,waffles,nut but-ter,chips,pasta,frozen desertsand cold-pressed oil supplements. These products are sold for muchmore than their "hemp cachet"alone;manufacturers promotehemp foods for their exceptionalnutritional and taste benefits.Examining the composition of hemp seed will help explain thesebenefits.Like other oil seeds,the hemp nut consists mainly ofoil (typ-ically 44%),protein (33%) and dietary fiber and other carbo-hydrates (12%,predominantly from residues ofthe hull).Inaddition,the nut contains vitamins (particularly the toco-pherols and tocotrienols ofthe Vitamin E complex),phytos-terols and trace minerals.Overall,hemp's main nutritionaladvantage over other seeds lies inthe composition ofits oil,i.e.itsfatty acid profile,and in its pro-tein which contains all oftheessential amino acids in nutrition-ally significant amounts and in adesirable ratio.Most oil seeds contain plenty of linoleic acid (LA),an essentialfatty acid (EFA) from the"omega-6" family,yet they offerlittle alpha-linolenic acid (ALA),the other EFA from the "omega-3" family.Health agencies aroundthe world agree that humansshould ingest these EFAs in an omega-6/omega-3 ratio of about 4:1.Since common seed oil and animal fat,both low inomega-3,account for most ofour fat intake,Western dietstypically have omega-6/omega-3 ratios of10:1 or more, which is far too rich in omega-6 and correspondingly toodeficient in omega-3.Recent clinical research continues toidentify this imbalance as a co-factor in a wide range ofcom-mon illnesses,including cardiovascular diseases,arthritis,dia-betes,skin and mood disorders.A 1999 workshop by the U.S.National Institute ofHealth (see http://ods.od.nih.gov/news/conferences/w6w3_abstracts.html) demonstrated theimpressive benefits ofa balanced omega-6/omega-3 ratio inour diet:reduced risk ofathero-sclerosis,sudden cardiac deathand certain types ofcancers,decrease in the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis,moodimprovement in bipolar disordersand optimized development ininfants.In clinical studies,these benefitsare often achieved using omega-3-rich fish and flax oil supple-ments.A more "holistic"approach consists ofshifting ourgeneral dietary fat intake towardsnuts and oils offering a betteromega-6/omega-3 ratio.Hemp nut and oil offer an omega-6/omega-3 ratio of3:1 or less,depending on plant variety. This exceeds the target ratio of4:1 and compensates in partfor omega-3 deficiencies in the rest ofour diet.No other vegetable oil offers EFAs at such high concentrations and,more importantly,in such a desirable omega-6/omega-3ratio.Hemp oil also provides signifi-cant amounts ofthe more rare'super' polyunsaturated fatty acids,notably gamma-linolenicacid (GLA) and stearidonic acid(SDA).These are not essentialthemselves,but our body only naturally produces them from theLA and ALA essential fatty acids,respectively.Supplementation with GLA andSDA appears to alleviate thesymptoms ofatopic dermatitisand other skin diseases in somepatients.Clinical trials ofthe putative benefits from ingestedhemp oil are currently under way at the University ofKuopioin Finland to assess the extent ofthese potential benefits.GLA and SDA content in hemp seed vary considerably with variety and this needs to be considered when using hemp oilto treat such symptoms.Hemp oil typically contains less than 10% saturated fatty acids,and no trans-fatty acids,which are particularly 
2002/2003
Original Article Taken from
The Vote Hemp Report - www.votehemp.com
Nutritional Profile and Benefits of Hemp Seed, Nut and Oil
by Gero Leson
Typical Composition of Hemp NutTypical Fatty Acid Composition of Vegetable Oils

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