criticism of those who were kind enough to readthis essay in manuscript has been of great value to me.Throughout the investigation I had the privilege of dis-
cussing its problems with Professor Carlton J. H. Hayes
of Columbia University. His was the challenge that helped
me to clarify my interpretation. Professor Geroid Tan-
quary Robinson, also of Columbia University, gave me thebenefit of his meticulous scholarly and editorial judgment.
I took some knotty issues in Marxism to my colleagueProfessor Arthur Rosenberg and came away much en-lightened. Professor Robert C. Binkley of Western Re-
serve University, who died in his prime last year, showeda characteristically warm interest in the study.
Gratefully remembered, too, is the counsel of my col-leagues Professor Jesse Dunsmore Clarkson, Dr. HaroldWeinstein, Mr. Samuel Hurwitz, Professors Virginia D.
Harrington and Hans Rosenberg; and of Professors
Joseph Dorfman of Columbia University, Mr. Herman
Simpson, Professor Abram L. Harris of Howard Univer-sity, and Mr. Ira Progoff.My sister Adele Bloom has shown me, in numberlessways, a rich and rare loyalty. She will surely forgive mc
my debts, for they cannot be repaid.
S. F. B.