Great reformer, a nationalist andpatriotic in spirit, the last ruler of independent State of Jammu Kashmir,His Highness Maharaja Hari Singh died,50 years ago, on 26 April 1961. He was born on 23 September 1895 at thepalace of Amar Mahal , Jammu . He wasson of General Raja Sir Amar Singh,grandson of Maharaja Ranbir Singh andnephew of Maharaja Pratap Singh.
21st April 1944: His Highness Hari Singh Bahadur, the Maharajah of Jammu & Kashmir and one of India's two representatives at the British War Cabinet inspects civil defence workers in Bermondsey, London. (Photo by Horace Abrahams/Keystone/Getty Images)
. EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONEARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONEARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONEARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONHe got admission in Mayo College Ajmerin 1908 and attained higher secondary education at the age of 13. His fatherGeneral Raja Sir Amar Singh died, a year later in 1909. The British took special interests in his education andappointed Major H.K. Brar as hisguardian. After Mayo College the ruler-in-waiting went to the Imperial CadetCorps at Dehra Dun for military training, and by the age of 20, he hadbeen appointed commander-in-chief of the Jammu and Kashmir State Forces.DIVERSITY OF STATE OF JAMMUDIVERSITY OF STATE OF JAMMUDIVERSITY OF STATE OF JAMMUDIVERSITY OF STATE OF JAMMUKASHMIRKASHMIRKASHMIRKASHMIR Jammu & Kashmir is a multi-ethnic,multi-religious state with 64% Muslims,33% Hindus, and 3% Buddhists, Sikhs,Christians and others. There are threedistinct geographical regions - Ladakh(with 58% of the area, and 3% of thepopulation), Jammu (26% area, 45%population) and Kashmir (16% area,52% population. The primary languagesof Ladakh are Ladakhi and Balti, of Jammu : Dogri, and of Kashmir :Kashmiri. In addition, Gujari, Pahari,Punjabi, Shina and various dialects andmixed languages are also spoken by different ethnic groups within the state.
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