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Emerson Refrigerant Technical Guide

Emerson Refrigerant Technical Guide

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2009
TechnicalHelp Guide
 
Thermal Expansion ValvesElectronic Valves & ControlsSolenoid ValvesSystem ProtectorsRegulatorsOil ControlsTemperature Pressure ControlsBasic Rules of Good PracticeTroubleshooting Guide
 
2009Introduction
This Technical Guide from Emerson Climate Technologies provides a detailedexplanation on the operation of common refrigeration system components suchas thermal expansion valves, solenoid valves, system protectors, regulators, oilcontrols and temperature pressure controls. Also included in this guide is a listingof the basic rules of good practice and a detailed troubleshooting guide. This guideis designed to
ll a need which exists for a concise, elementary text to aid service-men, salesmen, students and others interested in refrigeration and air conditioning.It is intended to cover only the fundamentals of refrigeration and air conditioningtheory and practice. Detailed information for speci
c products is available frommanufacturers of complete units and accessories. Used to supplement suchliterature, and to improve general knowledge of refrigeration and air conditioning,this guide should prove to be very helpful.Emerson Climate Technologies, a business of Emerson, is the world’s leadingprovider of heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration solutions forresidential, industrial and commercial applications. The group combines best-in-class technology with proven engineering, design, distribution, educational andmonitoring services to provide customized, integrated climate-control solutions forcustomers worldwide. Emerson Climate Technologies’ innovative solutions, whichinclude industry-leading brands such as Copeland Scroll
 ® 
and White-Rodgers
 ® 
,improve human comfort, safeguard food and protect the environment.Emerson Climate Technologies - Flow Controls Division is a leading manufacturerof valves, controls and system protectors commonly applied in air conditioning andrefrigeration systems worldwide. The company continues to pioneer the control ofrefrigerant
ow through innovative, high performance components, such as thermalexpansion valves and
lter driers.
 
2009
Table of Contents
Thermal Expansion Valves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Internal Equalizer
Internal Equalizer
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
2
Factory Setting of TXVs
Factory Setting of TXVs
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3
External Equalizer
External Equalizer
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3
Superheat
Superheat
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
5
TXV Selection
TXV Selection
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
6
Application Tips
Application Tips
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
7
Balanced Port TXVs
Balanced Port TXVs
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
9
M.O.P.
M.O.P.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
9
Other TXV Considerations
Other TXV Considerations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
11
Emerson TXVs
Emerson TXVs
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
11Electronic Valves & Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Electronic Valve Introduction
Electronic Valve Introduction
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
15
Parts Required for Electronic Valves
Parts Required for Electronic Valves
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
16
Pressure Transmitter – PT4
Pressure Transmitter – PT4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
17
TXV Controller – EC3-X32
TXV Controller – EC3-X32
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
17
TXV Controller – EC3-X33
TXV Controller – EC3-X33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
18
Universal Driver – EXD-U00
Universal Driver – EXD-U00
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
18
Electrical Control Valve – EX
Electrical Control Valve – EX
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
19
Component Selection Table
Component Selection Table
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
20Solenoid Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21What are Solenoid Valves? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Principles of Solenoid Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Types of Solenoids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Emerson Solenoid Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25System Protectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Filter driers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28HFC Refrigerants and POE Lubricants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Clean-up Procedure for Compressor Motor Burnout . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Emerson System Protectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34Regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35Suction Line Regulators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36Applications of EPRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36Crankcase Regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38Headmaster Pressure Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39Hot Gas Bypass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41Liquid Injection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43Oil Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45Temperature Pressure Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Basic Rules of Good Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54Troubleshooting Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

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