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Circular Rotor Windmill (Wind Turbine)

Circular Rotor Windmill (Wind Turbine)

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Published by SanjaySherikar
UC-Riverside Engineering students' Report on the design of a wind turbine based on Magnus Effect.
UC-Riverside Engineering students' Report on the design of a wind turbine based on Magnus Effect.

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Published by: SanjaySherikar on May 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Circular Rotor Windmill
Senior DesignTeam 7
Robert BrahmTravis FeenstraMing HuangHumbertoRojasJune 10th, 2005
Sponsored by Dr. SanjaySherikar 
Executive Summary
The use of renewable energy as an alternate to the consumption of limited fossil fuels is anoble and necessary goal. By using solar, geo thermal, wind, hydro power the dependence oncrude oil and fossil fuels can be diminished. The scope of this project is to study the use of anovel wind energy system that is based on the Magnus effect. The windmills purpose is toconvert wind energy into useable electrical power, and our design requirement is 100Watts.The Magnus Effect is the lift that a spinning sphere produces in a cross wind. This effecthas been known for centuries with everyday applications such as the curveball and in the past thetrajectory of a cannonball. Our project deals with the application of the Magnus effect to aspinnig cylinder in a wind velocity field, also known as the Kutta - Joukowski effect. Theapplication of this concept is the integral element for power generation in the design. The designrequirements are that the windmill produces 100 Watts of net power and have a cost approaching$1/Watt. The budget for the project was $400.00 and the scope focused on the mechanical aspectof the windmill and not the electrical or control side.The actual design itself integrates the lift created by three rotating cylinders that are powered by three direct current motors. The windmill transfers the generated lift from the spinningcylinders into usable power by allowing the entire cylinder assemblies to rotate on a main hub.This main hub is connected to a ¾ horsepower generator through a sprocket and chain drive witha gear ratio of 3.3:1.To make efficient use of the budget and time, detailed analysis was completed on variousaspects of the windmill. Finite element analysis was conducted on the structural integrity of theintegral parts of the design using the software program Cosmos Works. The two main questionsthat have to be answered is how much power would the DC motors consume and how much
 3 power would be generated at different wind speeds. A Matlab code was developed that integratesthe data from NACA and calculates the power generated for different cylinder geometries. TheDC motor power consumption was calculated at 150 Watts. Using the Matlab code the optimizedwindmill design incorporates three 6 inch diameter cylinders with a length of 24 inches. Thesecylinders rotate at 2500 to 3000 RPM. The cylinder shafts are attached a hub that rotates at 150to 200 RPM and generates a calculated output of 560 Watts in a constant wind speed on 28 mph.As a result of the testing, the windmill speed reached steady state at 160 RPM, produced335 Watts, and required an input of 450 Watts. The power produced by the rotating hub wascalculated based on the power consumed by the load bank consisting of 8 light bulbs. The power input to the motors was calculated by testing the cylinders separately and taking an average for all three. During the 30 mph wind speed test the average DC motor consumption was 150 Watts,thus the total power required to spin the rotors was 450 Watts. The windmill consumes 115Watts more than it generates. The success of the project was that the Magnus effect was appliedto power generation through this experiment and resulted in high lift generation. We did not meetthe design requirements of obtaining a positive net power. There were significant mechanical andelectrical losses. The mechanical losses were experienced in the friction of the bearings, andABS gears. The electrical losses occurred mainly in the slip ring which needs to be improvedwith high temperature material. Further improvements to the design include a control system thatoptimizes the system performance. With further improvement to the design net power is a possibility, and with more advanced testing facilities advantages over current windmill may beobserved. Currently with the basic testing procedure advantages were not observed over conventional windmills.

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