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Time Team - Lincoln's Inn

Time Team - Lincoln's Inn

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Videotext Communications Ltd. To undertake the post-excavation recording and assessment of an evaluation in Lincoln’s Inn, in central London. Lincoln’s Inn is one of four of the London Inns of Court which developed as establishments to study law. There is documentary evidence for Lincoln’s Inn from 1422 but the Site is believed to have been in use by apprentices long before. Lincoln’s Inn Fields developed from three fields between 1629 and 1638; prior to this the fields were used as pasture and occupation. More recently, underground tank and air raid shelters were constructed in 1940.
It was anticipated that the investigations would help to clarify the origins and development of the Law Courts in medieval and post-medieval/modern times. It was also hoped that evidence for earlier activity relating to Saxon and Romano-British periods might also be encountered. Lincoln’s Inn Fields is located close to the known eastern boundary of Middle Saxon London and the western boundary of Roman London.
Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Videotext Communications Ltd. To undertake the post-excavation recording and assessment of an evaluation in Lincoln’s Inn, in central London. Lincoln’s Inn is one of four of the London Inns of Court which developed as establishments to study law. There is documentary evidence for Lincoln’s Inn from 1422 but the Site is believed to have been in use by apprentices long before. Lincoln’s Inn Fields developed from three fields between 1629 and 1638; prior to this the fields were used as pasture and occupation. More recently, underground tank and air raid shelters were constructed in 1940.
It was anticipated that the investigations would help to clarify the origins and development of the Law Courts in medieval and post-medieval/modern times. It was also hoped that evidence for earlier activity relating to Saxon and Romano-British periods might also be encountered. Lincoln’s Inn Fields is located close to the known eastern boundary of Middle Saxon London and the western boundary of Roman London.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on May 23, 2011
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Wessex Archaeology 
June 2009MoL code: LF108 Ref: 68739
Lincoln’s InnLondon
 Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
 
Lincoln’s Inn, London
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Prepared on behalf of:
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
By:
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum ParkSALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EBReport reference: 68739.01Museum of London code: LFI 08June 2009
© Wessex Archaeology Limited 2009, all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
Lincoln’s Inn, London
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Contents
1
BACKGROUND...................................................................................................11.1Introduction...............................................................................................11.2Site Location, Topography and Geology................................................11.3Archaeological and Historical Background...........................................1
Prehistoric...................................................................................................1Romano-British...........................................................................................2 Saxon ........................................................................................................2 Medieval and post-medieval.......................................................................3Lincoln’s Inn................................................................................................3Lincoln’s Inn Fields.....................................................................................4
1.4Previous Archaeological Investigations................................................5
Lincoln’s Inn Fields.....................................................................................5 Lincoln’s Inn................................................................................................5 
2AIMS AND OBJECTIVES...................................................................................62.1Introduction...............................................................................................62.2Principal Aims...........................................................................................62.3Research Agendas...................................................................................73METHODS...........................................................................................................73.1Constraining Factors...............................................................................73.2Geophysical Survey.................................................................................83.3Fieldwork Methods...................................................................................84RESULTS............................................................................................................94.1Geophysical Survey.................................................................................9
Lincoln’s Inn................................................................................................9Lincoln’s Inn Fields.....................................................................................9
4.2Evaluation Trenches................................................................................9
Trench 1.....................................................................................................9Trench 2...................................................................................................10 Trench 3...................................................................................................11Trench 4...................................................................................................12 Trench 5...................................................................................................13
5FINDS................................................................................................................135.1Introduction.............................................................................................135.2Pottery.....................................................................................................14
Prehistoric.................................................................................................14Romano-British.........................................................................................14Medieval...................................................................................................14Post-Medieval...........................................................................................14
5.3Ceramic Building Material (CBM)..........................................................155.4Wall Plaster and Mortar..........................................................................165.5Clay Pipes and Wig Curlers...................................................................165.6Stone........................................................................................................165.7Metalwork................................................................................................17
Coins and tokens......................................................................................17 Copper Alloy.............................................................................................18 Lead ......................................................................................................18 Iron ......................................................................................................18 

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