Information Processing Theory
Now let us see what this theory is in a little bit more detail, and how the information processing approach pans out. The following sequence of events should explain what theinformation processing cycle looks like.
At any time, if an individual is perceiving information, storing information,encoding information, representing information or retrieving information to or from his mind, he is said to be thinking.
When a problem or a dilemma presents itself, the individual must encode thecritical information about this problem, and then use information that has beenstored beforehand to solve this problem. The 4 steps that make up this process areencoding, strategy construction, automatization and generalization.
By modifying and adjusting responses to previous problems, a person developsnewer ways to deal with similar problems in the future without making the samemistakes. This is known as self-modification.
Sternberg’s triarchic theory
Overview of Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence (1977, 1985, 1995) subsumesboth Spearmans
and underlying information processing components. His triarchictheory includes three facets or subtheories:
Practical (contextual)Sternberg's theory builds on his earlier componential approach to reasoning. Histheory is mostly based on observing Yale graduate students. Sternberg believes thatif intelligence is properly defined & measured it will translate to real-life success.Sternberg's Triarchic Theory is an important effort to synthesize the various theoriesof intelligence.