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NSLB Crackpot Collaboration

NSLB Crackpot Collaboration

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Published by Hosten1
Nonlinear Science Letters B, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2011, pp 45-50, Quantum Golden Mean Entanglement Test as the Signature of the Fractality of Micro Spacetime, Ji-Huan He, L. Marek-Crnjac, Mohamed Atef Helal, Shokry Ibrahim Nada, Otto E. Rössler
Nonlinear Science Letters B, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2011, pp 45-50, Quantum Golden Mean Entanglement Test as the Signature of the Fractality of Micro Spacetime, Ji-Huan He, L. Marek-Crnjac, Mohamed Atef Helal, Shokry Ibrahim Nada, Otto E. Rössler

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J.-H.He,L.Marek-Crnjac,M.A.Helal,S.
I.
Nada,O.E.Rossler,NonlinearSci.Lett.B,1(2)(2011)45-50
QuantumGoldenMeanEntanglementTestastheSignatureoftheFractalityofMicroSpacetimeJi-HuanHe',L.
Marek-Crnjac',
MohamedAtefHelal\ShokryIbrahimNada
4,
OttoE.Rossler
s
1.NationalEngineeringLaboratoryforModernSilk,CollegeofTextileandEngineering,SoochowUniversity,
199
Ren-aiRoad,Suzhou
215123,
ChinaEmail:hejihuan@suda.edu.cn2.TechnicalSchoolCenterofMaribor;Maribor;SloveniaEmail:leila.marek@guest.arnes.si3.MathematicsDepartment,FacultyofScience,CairoUniversity,Giza
12613,
EgyptEmail:maheLaL@yahoo.com
4.
MathematicsDepartment,QatarUniversity,QatarEmail:snada@qu.edu.qa5.InstitutfiirPhysikalischeundTheoretischeChemie,UniversitdtTiibingenEmail:oerossOO@yahoo.com
Abstract
IstheworldreallymorethanfourdimensionalorforinstanceanelevendimensionalM-theoryasproposedbyWitten?ThepresentLettersuggeststhatitisanelevendimensionalfractal.BasedonthisassumptionitisshownthattheprobabilityofquantumentanglementisexactlyequaltothatpredictedbyL.Hardy'swellknowncriteria.
It
isfurtherarguedthatthisisanindirectbutstrongindicationfortherealityoftheCantorianfractalnatureofmicrospacetime.
Keywords:
EINaschiespacetime,goldenquantummechanics,entanglementOurworldismanifestlyfourdimensionalbutdoweneedmoredimensionstodescribeitaccurately?Maybebutletussayforamomentthatwedefinitelyneedtheseextradimensionsandasif
this
isnotprovocativeenough,letusbeevenmorepresumptuousandaskifspacetimemayalsobeafractal.Weknowverywellthatourpresentdayexperimentaltechniquescannotgivedirectanswerstoeitherofthebothquestions.Howeverthefirstgoodnewsisthatbothoftheaforementionedpresumedpropertiesoftheworldandspacetimearelinkedandinter-dependent.Thesecondgoodnews,whichistoogoodtobelievealthoughitistrue,isthatbothsuspectedpropertiesareimpliedbyawellknownquantumtestbasedonaGedankenexperimentduetoHardy[I-3].
In
his1992paper,
L.
HardyintroducedaningenioustestforquantumentanglementfollowingBell'stheoremfortwoentangledparticles[I-S].
It
isintriguingtonotethatthenumericalresultofL.Hardy'sGedankenexperiment,namely9.017percentforentanglement[2]mayalsobeviewedasrelativelydirectconfirmationofthefractalnatureofmicrospacetimewhichwasformallyproposedin1990byEINaschietobebasicallyaninfinitebuthierarchalcollectionofelementarytriadicrandomCantorsets[6,7].Thisconclusionisbasedupontwofacts.Thefirstisthebodyofresultsobtained
Copyright
©
20IIAsianAcademicPublisherLtd.JournalHomepage:www.NonlinearScience.com
 
46
ISS2078-2314:NonlinearScienceLettersB:Chaos,FractalandSynchronization
inthecontextofhighenergyphysicsusingtheCantorian-fractaltheory[7]aswellastheexperimentalconfirmationoftheinvolvementofthegoldenmeaninquantummechanicalproblemsonaverydeeplevelwhichwasrevealed
in
anarticleinSciencerelativelyrecently[8,9].ThesecondisthatoncarefulanalysisofHardy's9.017percentresultusingageneraltheoryitclearlytranspiresthattheexactuntruncatedvalue,namely9.0169945percentistheT-dualityorinverseofthedimensionofafractalM-theoryorequivalentlyafractalsupergravitytheorywith
D
=
11
+
(kI2),
whichcouldbeapproximatedtotheclassical
D
=
11theory[10-12].However
in
D
=
11
+
kl2
thecrucialpointisthat
liD
=
kl2
isaprobabilityandthis
kl2
probabilityisexactlyequaltothatofHardy'squantumentanglementprobabilitybyvirtueofthefactthat
P
=
k/
2
=
0.090169945
=
(PS
aswillbederivedshortlyinthemainbodyofthepresentpaperusingthegeneraltheoryoffractalCantorianspacetime[6,7,IO-17].TwoimportantresultsfoundintheliteraturewillbefocuseduponbesidesthemainresultofHardy.Thesearetheresultsfoundbasedonafourdimensionalspacetimeleadingtoajointprobabilityofexactly9%[1-5,18,19]andsecondtheresultofPenroseexampleleadingtoajointprobabilityofexactly8.333%,equivalenttotheinverseofthedimensionalityofF-theory,namely
liD
=
1112[4].
OurmaintoolincalculatingtheprobabilityofentanglementistheE-infinitymanifoldoffractal-Cantorianspacetimetheory[6,7,20].Thisisaprobabilistictransfinite,i.e.,randomfractalinfinitedimensionalbuthierarchalhypersurfacewhoseaveragedimensionisfoundusingstatisticalmechanicsandthetheoryoffractalCantorsets[6,7].
It
turnsoutthattheaveragetopologicaldimensionofsuchamanifoldisexactly4thusmimickingourrealspacetimeinthatrespectwhilehavinganadditionaladvantageofpossessinganotheraveragedimension,asocalledHausdorffdimensionequaltoexactly4plusthegoldenmeantothepowerofthree,i.e.4.236067977.LookingcarefullyatthismanifolditiseasilyshownthatitresemblesafourdimensionalmanifoldinsideanotherfourdimensionalmanifoldandsoonadinfinitumlikeaRussiandoll[6,7].Consequentlythemanifoldinquestionisformallyinfinitedimensional.ThereforeourCantorianmanifoldisdescribednotbyonedimensionbutbythreedimensions.
In
factafourthdimensionrelatedtothespreadingoutofthepointsofthemanifoldwhichistermedmathematicallythespectraldimensionisexactlyequalto4.019999[7].LetusreconsidertheHausdorffdimension4
+
rji
=
4.236067977.WeseethatitsT-dualityinversion[7]isequal
lI(
4
+
rji)
=
rj}
whichmaybeinterpretedastheintersectionprobabilityofbeinginthismanifold[7].Nowwelookattherelationbetweentwopointsofthismanifoldasbeingasurrogatefortheprobabilityofentanglementbetweenthesetwopoints.Wemaythensaythatiftheprobabilityatacertainpointis
Pi
thentheprobabilityatthesecondpointmustalsobeequal
Pi
andtheentanglementprobabilityisgivenbytheintersectionruleorthemultiplicationtheoremofprobabilitytheory,namely
PiPi
=
(Pil
Howeverbecauseoftheexistenceofuncountablyinfinitelymanyotherpoints,theprobability
(Pi
mustbesimultaneouslyinfluencedby
rji
sothatthefinalprobabilityofentanglementissimply
P
=
(Pii
(¢3).
Itiseasilyreasonedthat
¢3
itselfwascalculatedfromtheinversionoftheaveragedimension
<n>
=
(J
+
PJ/(1Pi)
whensetting
Pi
=
¢
andfind
<n>
=4
+
¢3.
In
otherwords
¢3
=(1-
Pi)!
(1
+
Pi)
=(1-
¢)I
(1
+
¢).
Insertinginthe
P
onefindsthefinalvalueofintrinsictopologicalentanglement
P
=
(¢2)(¢3)
=
¢5,
(1)where
¢2
isthelocalprobabilityand
¢3
istheglobalorcounterfactualpartoftheprobability.Thetermcounterfactual[18]isthetermusedbyphilosopherstodescribetheinfluencewhichstemsfromthingswhichdidnothappenbutcouldhavehappened[4,18,19].Weextendthistermtomeanthingswhicharenottherebutinfluencethingswhicharethere.Thusthecomplimentarysetofthezerosetrepresentingtheemptysethasaprofoundinfluenceonthezeroset[14-17].
 
J.-H.He,
L.
Marek-Crnjac,M.A.Helal,S.
l.
Nada,O.E.Rossler,NonlinearSci.Lett.
S,
1(2)(20II)45-5047
WerecallthatquantumparticlesmaybemodeledbythezerosetwhilethewaveistheemptysetobtainedfromthezerosetbyaLegendretransformationandrepresentinganon"existing"realvacuumoremptyspaceinfluencingthemotionoftheparticle.Allthiswasexplainedindetailinpreviouspublicationsandisnotessentialtoconsideratlengthhereagain[14-17].WestartourderivationbyrecallingthattheCantorianE-infinitymanifoldismadeofagammadistributedinfinitesumofelementaryCantorsets[6,7].Thissumisgivenby
00
<
n
>=
L.
n(
d~O»)"
=
(1
+
d~O)
)(1-
d~).
o
(2)Here
n
isthetopologicalinductivedimensionsoftheMenger-Urysohnsystem,
d?)
iseithertheHausdorffdimensionofanelementaryrandomlyconstructedtriadicCantorsetorthetopologicalprobability
Pi
=d;O)
offindingapointinthisCantorset[6,7].Wenotefurtherthataquantumparticleisgivenby
d~O)
forwhichthetopologicaldimensioniszerowhiletheHausdorffdimension
IS
d~O).
Thisiseffectivelythezeroset[13-17].Ontheotherhandthewaveofthequantumparticleisgivenbytheemptyset
d~-I)
forwhichthetopologicaldimensionis
-1
[13-17]whiletheHausdorffdimensionisgivenbytheLegendretransformationofthezeroset
Pi
(wave)
=
1-
Pi
(particles)
=
I-
d~O)
[13-17].
Ontheotherhandfromthetheoryoffourmanifolds[7]weknowthatthedimensionis
D
=
1
4
2d(O)-1
c
(3)Equating
<n>
to
D4
onefmdsanalgebraicequationfromwhich
d~O)
isfoundtobeequaltothegoldenmean.Thus
d~O)
=
¢
=
cfS
-1)/
2,insertingbackwefindthat
<n>
=
4
+
¢3.
Consequentlythe"counterfactual"probabilityinfluenceofourCantorianmanifoldisgivenby[6,7]
P
=
lI<n>
=lI(4
+
¢3)
=
¢3.
(4)Ontheotherhandtheprobabilityfortwopoints"particles"togetentangledquantummechanicallyisgivenbythemultiplicationtheoremtobe
(Pi
andingeneralfor
n
particles(points)is
(P;)".
Consequentlyitisclearthatthetotalprobabilityisgiveningeneralby
2
?
I-P
P(entanglement)
=
(Pi)
(l/<n»=
(Pr)(__').
1+
P;
(5)
In
thecaseofafractalmanifoldwehave
Pi
=
¢
andthus(6)Therearetworemarkablethingswhichseemtohavepassedunnoticedforsometime.Thefirstisthat
¢5
istheinverseoftheelevendimensionalM-theory[21]initsfractalversion
[11,12].
1
D
=
11
¢5
=
11
+--.,----
=
11
-v
k/
2
=
(1/
¢)5
=
11.09016992
11+--
11
+....
(7)

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