Published monthly by the students of
CollegeAddress all communications toJUNE, 1940
Margaret Wadlinger(Printed by the E.
An Open Letter To The Class of 1940
The character of a civilization or culture is largely determined by its philosophy; for it is philosophy which, on
rational level, establishes the objectives and the trend of theideas which dominate
society. Now the curse
form the tone or atmosphere of ourage is their subjectivism; their assertion that truth is as yousee it,
of whether or not it corresponds with thenature of the reality under investigation. Such philosophiesmust, as common sense immediately tells
end in intellectual chaos or paralysis; and must, if their influence is
civilization to the same pass. Individualismalways denies any external norm of truth; discredits and degrades the intellect; glorifies the senses; relaxes (to say theleast) regulatory discipline over the feelings and emotions,over impulses and desires; promotes the vices rather than thevirtues; and, since every man is himself
final judge ofwhat is true, unleashes in society
multitude of conflictingconvictions and interests which make for disorder and which,since they possess no common denominator, can be reconciledon no basis whatever. Finally,
thebasis of all rational processes; and ends in skepticism whoseburial grounds are the empty fields of nihilism. And truthbecomes an empty word; and man is left without place, without direction, without a guide.Subjectivism is not the philosophy of Mercyhurst.
Mercyhurst believes that truth is attainable, and
consists in the conformity of the idea with the fact. Mercyhurstbelieves in objective truth; believes that it is attainable; andbelieves that the intellect, properly disciplined, can take holdof it. During four years of college life the minds of you, theclass
have been instructed in and
byTRUTH: in large
your minds —which is
been dispelled; and it
been replaced by
is light. Year in and year out, inaction and repose, by its atmosphere and by its example, Mercyhurst has
your minds with this 'natural
mind: TRUTH.. And to what end?
might achieve within yourselves the perfection of
intellect. And this, in Newman's words is "the clear, calm, acur-ate vision and comprehension of all things, as far as the finitemind can embrace them, each in its own place, and with itsown characteristic upon it. It is almost prophetic from itsknowledge of history; it is almost heart-searching from itsknowledge of human nature; it has almost supernatural charity from its freedom from littleness and prejudice; it has almost the repose of faith, because nothing can startle
it hasalmost the beauty and harmony of heavenly contemplation,so intimate is it with the eternal order of things and the music of the spheres."Yet the perfection of
intellect is not
objective in educating you. Because
are human_ beings,
liC XXUUVXiiuinaii MWivu n*iv*v v**w^ »
you. And the manner in which you will determineto apply them will determine, not only
cause oftruth will be advanced or retarded, but also
quality ofyour moral character.
greatest import to you: upon it hinges the ultimate successor failure of your lives. You can use or misuse
by directing it to
or wrong ends. If you misuse it,
act in the cause of intellectual error, or even
moral evil;and you thwart the right development of your character.
you use it correctly, you act in the cause of truth and
advance your own final interests, as well as those of societyor civilization. You must make the choice; and the choicewill
not be easy tomake;and whatever your choice, theconsequences will be in direct proportion to the worth of your
the honosty of the means you select, and
energywith which they are applied. If you use the True to achievethe Good, then you will be successful: your lives
And the TRUE being, as it were, a ray of Divine light, shallbe known by you as the GOOD: for
TRUE becoming lovely, desirable, and enjoyable
is a fulfilment of God's plan. Truth, as we have
"Walk then as children of the light. ...
the fruit of thelight is in all goodness and justice and truth.
Nature reigned, ablaze withglory,
One last toss of her queenlyhead,And her jewelled ringlets liein dust.The lifeless form
Natureprone:Upon her death bier, men entreatThat heaven's great morticianfoldIt close in
up as the
Snowy gauze for Nature's scars,A welcome boon
children all;Twinkling eyes outdo the stars.But the tinkle of sleigh bellsdie
icy tentacles grip thebreath;Swirling flakes heap moundshigh,
Whilst belfries sound
light soon pierce thegloom,Low grey skies give way to blue;The darkling brow of night is litBy starry diadems anew.Sunbeams outlaw
stragglingsnow;Fires race though fields, weedyand dry;Dwellings with fresh cleanlinessglow;Smoke and dust bedim the sky.Pungent wood spice emblams theair;Winged choirs enchant the ear;Keen eyes search the charredmeadow o'erWatching the first green budappear.E'en better than tree-driftblossomsOr sweet-fragrance
new-mownlawn,A dress of green velvet, goldspangled,Oh that Nature would first don!
fairer than rainbow Autumn,Or stars of the summer night,More dazzling than crystal snow-
A green sward of dandelion
Prelude To Spring
knifeIs sunk hilt-deep in Nature s bed.Drab grayness smothers out
A muted world lies frozen, dead.This darkest hour, this hopelesswaste
us in dispair.But
fail. We know thetasteOf Spring's first rain, its thrill so
Speaks To MembersOf Lambda KappaGamma
At the Spring meeting of Lambda Kappa Gamma, Dr. Relihangave
talk on the
(Taken from the
We Were Saying" column of theCOLUMBUS REGISTER)
There are drugs and
the base sense. And oneof the basest, in sense and in fact, is the drug of false names
mislead wills. An old
used as widely as marijuana, is the term "academic freedom." Another is
of speech"; another "freedom ofthe
another "liberalism," which is, of course, "free-domism." Since the religion of the worldly is pride, and sincepride balks at anything resembling direction
regulation,the term "freedom" (misused for the most part of "license")is the rallying cry of the worldly in every circumstance. It isin the name of
that true freedom among men is killed.The professor wants academic freedom. Rightly interpreted, the term indicates precisely what the professor oughtto have. But as it is used today, the term, "academic freedom," means that the professor is free to teach what he likes,and the students (and their parents) are not free
insistthat the professor teach truth and decency. Children must
freedom there. But, once in school,
must be the uncomplaining victims of a shyster with a degreewho preys upon the
pocket-book for the privilege(which he terms his right) of shaping their minds and moralsas he pleases. This has come to be the meaning of "academicfreedom."
And "freedom of the press" is another drug-term to stifleclear thinking. That the press ought to be free from the evilinfluence of owners who misrepresent facts; free from
playing up of filthy items of news that inflame ignorant andunregulated human passion, free from political and religious
all will agree. But the "freedom of the press" does notmean all this. It means that the paper must be free to printwhat lies it pleases, what evils serve its interests in the worldof gain, what filth will smear
persons, places and institutions to which the paper stands opposed. The readers whobuy the paper are not
no matter, we musthave "freedom of the press."
Twin brother to "freedom of
press" is "freedom ofspeech." Now, no man in his
wits wants to be under Hit-lerian supervision, with an agent in a brown shirt at his elbowweighing every word he utters in hope of finding somethingpolitically out of balance. Of course not! On the other hand,no one in his right mind wants himself or his children s u b -
to openly uttered filth, blasphemy, calumny, detraction.For there is such a thing as evil speech, and reason recognizesit as clearly as the eye recognizes red or yellow. And freedom is essentially concerned with the choice of things good,not evil. There is no freedom for the use of evil things in anevil
Still, "freedom of speech"
by seeminglyreasonable men to justify foul speech.! Here as in the "freedom" of the press and of the professor, the term, "freedom,"is used, as Scripture says, "as the cloak for malice."
The Land of Wonder
The mind of man is naturally an inquiring mind.
birth to death, man is curious about himself and the universewhich confronts him; and his mind takes spontaneously tophilosophizing about the nature of things. As Aristotle says,"It was owing to wonder that men began to philosophize inearlier times just as it is today, wondering at
theproblems that lie close at hand, and then little by little advancing to the greater perplexities." And this wonder is
lively thing, for it is closely associated with life and springsfrom it as a native impulse, so that one might well say
dead when he has ceased to wonder. Epicurus sumsit all up nicely in one of hisletters:"Let no one delay to studyphilosophy while he is young, and when he is old let him notbecome weary of the study; for no man can ever find
time unsuitable or too late to study the health
his soul.And he who asserts either that it is not yet
philosophize, or that the hour is passed, is like a man who should saythat the time is not yet come to be happy, or that
So that both young and old should study philosophy,the one in order that, when he is old, he may be young in goodthings through the pleasing recollection of the past, and theother that he may be at the same time both young and old, inconsequence of his absence of fear for the future."
He noted that nowhere in
Odyssey does Homer give a minutedescription
his female charac
This is an art of Homer thatallows his readers to fill in
visualizing the characters as theythink they should be.Dr. Relihan selected several ofHomer's female characters anddiscussed them. One of the mostinteresting
his selections wasPenelope who depicts the role ofthe ideal wife and mother.Dr.
scholarly paperwas striking evidence
speaker's easy familiarity withGreek literature
general andHomeric literature in particular.It was followed by interesting discussion.