The combating dengue fever project needsgeospatial data of the city of Yogyakarta as treatmentarea and also three Villages in Sleman District and threevillages in Bantul District as control areas; the BaseMaps (Municipality, Villages, AdministrativeBoundaries, River, Roads) and Satellite Images for determine of working area, survey, distribution andmonitoring activities. But there was geospatial data problem related to the needs of geospatial data untilRukun Warga (RW)/Rukun Tetangga (RT) or neighbourhood’s level. It causes several changes in thestrategies of collecting the tabular data from the field.GIS and Data Management Unit, which hasresponsibility in geospatial data management wassuggested the project to use GPS and printed QuickbirdImages to do participatory mapping.This project involved 262 field workers called
was recruited from 2523 J
Dinas Kesehatan Kota Yogyakarta
and 32 surveyorsfrom Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University.They are the main actors in collecting data from the fieldto be linked in to geospatial data. Geospatial trainingwas given to them in order to get the right coding infield-collected data, which will be linked into the MapLayers in GIS. Geospatial learning of the field workersand surveyors in this project helps us in combatingdengue fever in the City of Yogyakarta.
The aim of this paper is to describe and seeks toshow how geospatial learning from field workers andsurveyors during the combating dengue fever project inthe City of Yogyakarta. The paper also aims to see the potential and the limitations of geospatial learning withGPS training and participatory mapping as a method toextract information for the combating dengue fever project. This case study will be the basis for a moregeneral discussion on how the method might be appliedand improved for the future when it comes to becontinued in the next phase.
THE CITY OF YOGYAKARTA, DENGUE,CONTROL METHOD, AND GEOSPATIAL DATA
The City of Yogyakarta and Dengue
Yogyakarta, a city of about 506-522 thousand people, is the provincial capital of the Province or Special Region (
Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
) of Yogyakarta located in south central Java. The Provinceis divided into 5 administrative districts with eachdistrict divided into progressively smaller units beginning with sub-districts (Fig. 1), and these, in turn,divided into
, and further divided into
, ca. 250 residences each), and finally into
), the smallest administrative unitcomposed of approximately 50-80 residences.Figure 1. Map of the Municipality of YogyakartaThe City of Yogyakarta is the fourth largest(32.5
in DIY yet is the most densely populated (ca. 16,000 per square kilometre); thisvariability in density explains much of the variability inthe incidence for severe dengue within the Province. Atan incidence rate (IR) of 17.7 cases per 10,000, the Cityhas twice- to three-times higher incidence than thatneighbouring Sleman (7.6) or Bantul (6.3). Dengue fever and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is alreadyendemic in 45
in the City of Yogyakarta.Table 1. Population size, number and incidence rate (IR, per 10,000) of dengue cases by
for theProvince of Yogyakarta in 2006.
Yogyakarta 506,000 105,417 888 17.7Sleman 826,558 172,200 626 7.6Bantul 780,177 162,537 493 6.3Kulonprogo 443,819 92,462 71 1.6GunungKidul746,457 155,512 106 1.4
Totals 3,303,011 688,127 2,184 6.6
Source: Focks, Dana A., 2007
A two years combating dengue fever projectstarted in 2007, the strategy was targeted
breeding source control using an insect growth regulator (IGR),
that prevents successfulemergence of adult mosquitoes from the pupal stage.Distribution and monitoring of the insect growthregulator being conducted by 262
,each day 20-25 houses coordinated by Operational units.Independently assessment of the prevalence of IGR in