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What is statistics?
1.1 Types of Numerical DATA
1.2 Ways to summarize data
1.2.1 Descriptive statistics
1.2.2 Frequency tables and graphs
1.3.3 The Box Plot
Probability and Bayes Theorem
2.1 Events
2.1.1 Special events
2.2 Operations on events
2.3 Probability
2.3.1 Probabilities of special events
2.6 Putting it all together
2.7 Diagnostic tests
2.7.1 X-ray screening for tuberculosis
2.8 Bayes Theorem
2.9 Bibliography
Probability distributions
3.1.1 The binomial distribution (discrete)
3.1.3 Examples
3.2 Standardization
Statistical inference
4.1 Sampling distributions
4.2 The Central Limit Theorem
4.2.1 Cholesterol level in U.S. males 20-74 years old
4.2.2 Level of glucose in the blood of diabetic patients
4.3 Hypothesis testing
4.3.1 Hypothesis testing involving a single mean and known vari-
4.4 Implications of each step in hypothesis testing
4.4.1 Diabetes example
4.5.2 Concentration of benzene in cigars
4.6. ANALYSES INVOLVING TWO INDEPENDENT SAMPLES 51
4.6.3 Paired samples
4.6.4 Hypothesis testing of paired samples
Estimation
5.1 Conﬁdence Intervals
5.2 Estimation for the population mean (σ known)
5.2.1 Characteristics of conﬁdence intervals
5.2.2 Distribution of cholesterol levels
5.2.3 One-sided conﬁdence intervals
5.3 Conﬁdence intervals when σ is unknown
5.3.1 Antacids and plasma aluminumn level
5.3.2 Computer implementation
5.4 Conﬁdence intervals of a diﬀerence of two means
5.4.1 Serum iron levels and cystic ﬁbrosis
5.5. PERFORMING HYPOTHESIS TESTING USING CONFIDENCE INTERVALS 63
5.5 Performing hypothesis testing using conﬁdence in-
5.5.1 Computer implementation
5.5.2 One-sided tests
Counts and Proportions
6.1 The binomial distribution
6.2. NORMAL APPROXIMATION TO THE BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION 69
6.2 Normal approximation to the binomial distribu-
6.3 Sample distribution of a proportion
6.3.1 Hypothesis testing involving proportions
6.3.2 Computer implementation
6.4 Estimation
6.4.1 Comparison between two proportions
6.4.2 Conﬁdence intervals of the diﬀerence between two propor-
6.4.3 Computer implementation
Power and sample-size calculations
7.1 Types of error
and identical std. deviations σ = 9.2mg/dL
7.2 Power
7.3 Sample size
7.4 Computer implementation
7.4.1 Power calculations
7.4.2 Sample size calculations
7.5 The two (independent) sample case
7.6 Computer implementation
7.7 Power calculations when testing a single propor-
7.7.1 Computer implementation of power calculations for propo-
7.7.2 Computer implementation for sample-size calculations for
Contingency tables
8.0.3 Computer implementation
8.1 The odds ratio
8.1.1 Testing the hypothesis of no association (using the odds ra-
8.1.2 Conﬁdence intervals
8.1.3 Computer implementation
8.2 Combining 2×2 contingency tables
8.2.1 Conﬁdence intervals of the overall odds ratio
8.2.2 The Mantel-Haenszel test for association
8.2.3 Computer implementation
Analysis of Variance
9.1. T TEST FOR EQUALITY OF K GROUP MEANS 105
9.1 t test for equality of k group means
9.2 Analysis of Variance
9.2.1 Sources of Variation
9.2.2 The F Test of Equality of k Means
9.2.3 Computer implementation
9.2.4 Remarks
9.3 Post-hoc Tests
9.3.1 The Bonferroni test
Correlation
10.1 Characteristics of the Correlation Coeﬃcient
10.2 Hypothesis Testing for ρ = 0
10.2.1 Computer Implementation
Simple Linear Regression
11.1 Determining the Best Regression Line
11.1.1 The least-squares line
11.1.2 Explaining Variability
11.1.3 Degrees of Freedom
11.1.4 Assumptions of the linear regression model
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Principles of Bio Statistics (Book I)

# Principles of Bio Statistics (Book I)

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11/15/2011

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