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Subtracting

Subtracting

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04/05/2014

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Week 2: Whole to part relationships: Applying to problem solving.
The student will explore how to get multiple wholes to be broken into equivalent piecesthrough the use of Least Common Multiples, and apply fractions to basic problem solving.
Students will connect LCM to being a faster way to cut wholes into equal piecesIf one whole is cut into 3 pieces and another whole is split into 4 equal pieces, we cannotcompare them until all the pieces are the same size. Suggest some ways we can make allthe pieces the same size. Use the illustration to help.Students will explore how to find Least Common Multiple.What are multiple?
Multiple are products of one specific number when multiplied with other numbers.
How do you find the multiples of a number?
By multiplying the same constant number by each consecutive number starting with 1.
Example: The multiples of 3 are3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3x 1x 2x 3x 4x 5x 6x 7x 83 6 9 1215182124
Multiples of 3
(You can also add your constant to each value to get the list of multiples.)1.In one word least means what?__________ 2.In one word common means what? _________3.In one word multiples do this… ___________ Least Common Multiple tells you what to look for. The _________ (1) number they have ________ (2) when you ___________(3)

When you have two different whole values you have to make sure the pieces are the samesize, otherwise it is not fair to compare them. You can split them into equal pieces usingLCM.4: 4, 8,
12
, 16, 204 x 3 = 12Take each fourth and cut it into 3 pieces.3: 3, 6, 9,
12
, 15, 18, 213 x 4 = 12Take each third and cut it into 4 pieces.Student w ill add or subtract fractions. You cannot compare fractions if they are not the same size (It’s not fair), so now that we knowhow to split two different wholes into equal sized pieces we can combine the pieces to add or subtract.Remember the LCM of
1
/
4
and
1
/
3
is 12, so you can cut them both into 12 equal pieces.
1
/
4
(or
3
/
12
)
+
1
/
3
(or
4
/
12
)
=
7
/
12