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# Additional Mathematics Project Work 3/2011

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2011
Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education Malaysia
1
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT DIVISIONMINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIAADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT WORK 3/2011Part 1
Rene Descartes, a renowned French Mathematician in the 16
th
century, discovered the beauty of Cartesian coordinates system while lying on his back and gazing at a spider on the ceiling. Dosome research and write about his discoveries.
Part 2
Malaysia with its warm tropical climate is rich in flora and fauna. Beautiful gardens are found allover Malaysia. SMK Permata decided to beautify the school compound by getting the studentsinvolved in the planting and maintenance of the greenery in the school compound as shown inDiagram 1. Each society is allocated a plot of land in various shapes and sizes to nurturethroughout the year. The Mathematics Society, English Language Society and Malay LanguageSociety are allocated the region
P
,
Q
and
R
respectively as shown in Diagram 1.Diagram 1
A Q R
7 m6 m2 m4 m3 m3 m
D

2011
Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education Malaysia
2
(a)

Determine the area of region
P
,
Q
and
R
by using at least three different methodsincluding the use of calculus. Verify the answers obtained by using computer software.(Suggestions: GeoGebra, GSP, graphing calculator etc)(b)

Suppose there is a hedge along
AB
. The Mathematics Society wishes to fence up theremaining sides of the region
P
. Determine the length of fence required.(c)

If a meter of fence costs RM25.00, what is the total cost required by the MathematicsSociety to fence up region
P
? Is it possible for the society to carry out the fencing with anallocation of RM250.00? Explain your answer.(d)

During the Mathematics Week, the society was given a single flag chain of length9.20 meters to be used completely. The President of the society wishes to tie the flagchain continuously from
A
to
E
and then to another point along the hedge
AB
to create atriangular-shaped area.(i)

Make a conjecture about the number of points that the flag chain can be tied to along
AB

Calculate the maximum area of the triangle obtained. Discuss.
Part 3
The Mathematics society decided to build a pond in region
P
as shown in Diagram 2. The pondis in the shape of a sector with centre
E
ED
and a depth of 1 meter.

2011
Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education Malaysia
3
(a)

Calculate the angle
AED
, in radians, by using at least two different methods.(b)

Determine the volume of water that has to be pumped in to fill up 80% of the pond.(c)

If the water is pumped into the pond at a constant rate of 0.001
m
3

s
-1
, calculate(i)

the rate of change of depth of the water,(ii)

the depth of water after 10 minutes,(iii)

the minimum time taken, in minutes, before the water overflows, and(iv)

the minimum time taken, in minutes, before the water overflows, if the pond istriangular-shaped
AED
and has a depth of 2 meters.
FURTHER EXPLORATION
Maps have been used for thousands of years to aid travelers during their journey fromone place to another. Maps can also be used to estimate distance between places. In theyear 2014, a recreation park will
be constructed in town marked ‘X’ on the map of
Malaysia in as shown Diagram 3. This town has the latitude of 5

41’ N

and has the samelongitude as the city of Malacca.
Diagram 2
Pond
A Q R
7 m6 m2 m4 m3 m3 m
D